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Women in the Tudor Dynasty

Heirs of Henry VIII

By

Mary I

Mary I, Tudor, Queen of England and Ireland

British Library / Robana / Hulton Fine Art Collection / Getty Images

Henry's fears about heirs didn't come true just in his own lifetime. None of Henry's three heirs who ruled England in their turns -- Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I -- had children (nor did Lady Jane Grey, the "nine day queen"). So the crown passed after the death of the last Tudor monarch, Elizabeth I, to James VI of Scotland who became James I of England.

The Tudor roots of the first Stuart king, James VI of England, were through Henry VIII's sister, Margaret Tudor. James was descended from Margaret (and thus Henry VII) through his mother, Mary, Queen of Scots, who had been executed by her cousin, Queen Elizabeth, for Mary's alleged role in plots to take the throne.

James VI was also descended from Margaret (and Henry VII) through his father, Lord Darnley, grandson of Margaret Tudor through a daughter of her second marriage, Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox.

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