The November, 2012, election left a record number of women in the United States Congress. Some women who ran for the House or Senate lost their reelection bid and some incumbent women chose not to run again. Some other seats were won by women, for a net gain. The year also saw a net loss of one for women governors. See who is going and coming below.
Women Leaving the United States Senate
- Olympia Jean Snowe: Republican, Maine, 1995 - 2013
Citing the partisanship in the U.S. Congress, she announced in January, 2012, that she would not run for reelection in November, 2012.
Women Joining the United States Senate
- Mazie Hirono: Democrat, Hawaii, 2013 -
She is Hawaii's first woman Senator, the first Asian-American woman elected to the Senate, the first Buddhist Senator, and the first Senator born in Japan
- Elizabeth Warren: Democrat, Massachusetts, 2013 -
She helped oversee distribution of TARP (Troubled Asset Relief Program) funds, and was a creator of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and an advisor for that bureau. She won against incumbent Republican Sen. Scott Brown.
- Deb Fischer: Republican, Nebraska, 2013 -
She ran against and defeated former Senator Bob Kerrey, a Democrat, after winning the Republican primary in an upset.
- Heidi Heitkamp: Democrat, North Dakota, 2013 -
She defeated a Republican congressman for this open Senate seat, and is the first woman elected to the Senate from North Dakota (Jocelyn Burdick was appointed Senator to fill out about 3 months of her husband's term when he died.)
- Tammy Baldwin: Democrat, Wisconsin, 2013
A member of the U.S. House of Representatives since 1999, Tammy Baldwin is Wisconsin's first woman Senator and the first openly gay U.S. Senator.
More: Women in the Senate
Women Leaving the United States House of Representatives
- Lynn C. Woolsey: Democrat, California, 1993 - 2013
She retired voluntarily, not running for reelection in 2012.
- Sue Myrick: Republican, North Carolina, 1995 - 2013
Retired in 2013, did not run in 2012.
- Jo Ann Emerson: Republican, Missouri, 1996 - 2013
On December 3, 2012, announced she would leave Congress to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.
- Mary Bono Mack: Republican, California, 1998 - 2013
In the November 2012 election, both Mary Bono Mack and her husband, Connie Mack of Florida, lost their reelection bids. Mary Bono Mack's defeat leaves California with no Republican women in their House representation in 2013.
- Tammy Baldwin: Democrat, Wisconsin, 1999 - 2013
Elected November 2012 to the United States Senate.
- Shelley Berkley: Democrat, Nevada, 1999 - 2013
Berkley narrowly lost a Senate election in 2012.
- Judy Borg Biggert: Republican, Illinois, 1999 - 2013
Biggert's district boundaries were changed in 2012, and she lost the election to a former Representative, Democrat Bill Foster.
- Jean Schmidt: Republican, Ohio, 2005 - 2013
She was defeated in the March, 2012, Republican primary.
- Mazie Hirono: Democrat, Hawaii, 2007 - 2013
Hirono was elected to the United States Senate in 2012, to take office in 2013. She was the first Buddhist woman elected to the House.
- Laura Richardson: Democrat, California, 2007 - 2013
She was defeated in her bid for reelection in 2012 by another Democratic woman, an incumbent Representative, Janice Hahn, in a district redrawn after the 2010 census.
- Betty Sutton: Democrat, Ohio, 2007 - 2013
After redistricting, she ran in 2012 against another incumbent Representative, Democrat Jim Renacci, and lost.
- Sandra (Sandy) Adams: Republican, Florida, 2011 - 2013
She lost the 2013 primary in Florida to incumbent Congressman John Mica.
- Ann Marie Buerkle: Republican, New York, 2011 - 2013
She was defeated in 2012 by the former Congressman Dan Maffei she had defeated in 2010.
- Nan Hayworth: Republican, New York, 2011 - 2013
She failed to win the November 2012 election in a district that was redrawn significantly after the 2010 census.
- Kathy Hochul: Democrat, New York, 2011 - 2013
Elected in a special election in May, 2011, she was defeated by the Republican candidate in November, 2012.
- Suzan DelBene: Democrat, Washington, 2012-present
Elected in November 2012 to a vacant seat, she took office on November 6 to fill the remaining term for the vacancy.
Women Joining the United States House of Representatives
- Joyce Beatty: Democrat, Ohio, 2013 -
- Susan Brooks: Republican, Indiana, 2013 -
- Julia Brownley: Democrat, California, 2013 -
- Cheri Bustos: Democrat, Illinois, 2013 -
- Tammy Duckworth: Democrat, Illinois, 2013 -
- Elizabeth Esty: Democrat, Connecticut, 2013 -
- Lois Frankel: Democrat, Florida, 2013 -
- Tulsi Gabbard: Democrat, Hawaii, 2013 -
- Ann Kirkpatrick: Democrat, Arizona, 2013 - (returning)
- Ann McLane Kuster: Democrat, New Hampshire, 2013 -
- Michelle Lujan Grisham: Democrat, New Mexico, 2013 -
- Grace Meng: Democrat, New York, 2013 -
- Gloria Negrete McLeod: Democrat, California, 2013 -
- Carol Shea-Porter: Democrat, New Hampshire, 2013 - (returning)
- Kyrsten Sinema: Democrat, Arizona, 2013 -
- Dina Titus: Democrat, Nevada, 2013 - (returning)
- Ann Wagner: Republican, Missouri, 2013 -
- Jackie Walorski: Republican, Indiana, 2013 -
More: Women in Congress
Women Leaving as State Governors
- Christine Gregoire: Democrat, Washington, 2004 - 2013
She did not run for a third term in 2012.
- Beverly Perdue: Democrat, North Carolina, 2009 - 2013
She did not seek reelection in 2012.
Women Coming as State Governors
- Maggie Hassan: Democrat, New Hampshire, 2013 -
Second woman to hold the office, after Jeanne Shaheen (1997 - 2003).
More: Women Governors
Around the world: Women Presidents and Prime Ministers of the 20th Century