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Top 100 Women of History

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80. Colette

French novelist of the 20th century, Colette was noted for her unconventional themes and lifestyle.

79. Judy Collins

Part of the 1960s folk revival and still popular today, Judy Collins made history by singing in the Chicago 7 conspiracy trial.

78. Abigail Adams

Abigail Adams was the wife of the second U.S. president and mother of the sixth. Her intellect and lively wit come alive in her many letters which were preserved.

77. Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher was the first woman prime minister in Europe. She's also, to this date, the longest-serving British Prime Minister since 1827. Famous (or infamous) for her conservative politics, she also presided over the British re-taking of the Falkland Islands from Argentina.

76. Sally Ride

Sally Ride was a nationally ranked tennis player, but she chose physics over sports and ended up the first American woman astronaut in space, a NASA planner, and a science professor.

75. Emily Brontë

Emily Brontë was the middle of the three famous novelist and poet sisters of the 19th century, with Charlotte Brontë and Anne Brontë. Emily Brontë is best remembered for her dark and unusual novel, Wuthering Heights. She's also credited as a major influence, in her poetry, on Emily Dickinson.

74. Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut reigned as Pharaoh of Egypt about 3500 years ago, taking on the titles, powers, and ceremonial clothing of a male ruler. Her successor tried to wipe her name and image from history; fortunately for our knowledge of this early woman leader, he did not entirely succeed.

73. Salome

Biblical character Salome is known for asking her stepfather Antipas for the head of John the Baptist, when he offered her a reward for her dancing at his birthday feast. Salome's mother, Herodias, had prearranged for this request with her daughter. Salome's story was adapted into a drama by Oscar Wilde and an opera by Richard Strauss, based on the Wilde drama. Another woman named Salome was present at the crucifixion of Jesus according to the Gospel of Mark.

72. Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was the prime minister of India and a member of a prominent Indian political family. Her father and two of her sons were also Indian prime ministers.

71. Rosie the Riveter

Rosie the Riveter was a fictional character based on the World War II civilian service on the homefront in the factory of many American women. She has come to represent all the industrial women workers in the war effort. After the war, many "Rosies" once again took up traditional domestic roles as housewives and mothers.
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