Tokyo Rose: Iva Ikuko Toguri D'AquinoDates: July 4, 1916 - September 26, 2006
Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino - accused Tokyo Rose - used Orphan Ann as broadcasting pseudonym
|Correspondents interview "Tokyo Rose," Iva Toguri, September 1945.
Image courtesy of the Department of the Navy.
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Iva Toguri was an American stranded in Japan at the outbreak of World War II. She was forced to broadcast propaganda to the Allied troops for Japan. In these radio programs, she taunted the troops and played music from home. She took the name Orphan Ann on the program, Zero Hour.
"Tokyo Rose" is a myth: Iva Toguri, like other women who also broadcast Japanese propaganda to Allied troops, was never referred to as Rose or Tokyo Rose. It was a name given by the Allies to the various female Japanese broadcasters. But it has been used since the war primarily to refer to Iva Toguri D'Aquino.
"Mug Shot" 3/7/1946, Sugamo Prison
After the war, Iva Toguri was convicted of treason and imprisoned, released early for good behavior. She maintained her innocence, asserting that she had not said the words used to convict her, and that she had remained a loyal American. Though forced to broadcast to the troops, she claimed that she, with the help of American POWs assigned to the radio broadcasts, made herself and her words purposefully ridiculous. She had refused to give up her American citizenship, despite pressure and even punishment from the Japanese who forced her into the broadcasting role.
In the 1970s a public campaign brought to light the testimony of the POWs who worked with her and supported her story. The testimony of the witnesses against her was questioned, and some admitted lying. Eventually (1977) she was pardoned by President Gerald Ford, and early in 2006, the same year she died, she was given the Edward J. Herlihy Citizenship Award by the World War II Veterans Committee.
After her imprisonment she returned to Chicago where her family owned a store. She continued to work at the store nearly until her death.
Tokyo Rose - Iva Toguri D'Aquino - on this site
Tokyo Rose - Iva Toguri D'Aquino - on the Web
- How did WWII propaganda broadcaster Tokyo Rose get info ...
... on Allied ship movements?" Cecil's "Straight Dope" column calls the trial a "sham" and the information that she "revealed" was easily available back home.
- "Orphan Ann" ("Tokyo Rose")
Many sound clips and pictures to help back up the story that Iva Toguri ("Orphan Ann" convicted as "Tokyo Rose") was unfairly convicted of broadcasting propaganda and undermining the U.S. war effort.
- Letter from Robert W. White, 65th Sq.
Memories of the "Zero Hour" broadcasts -- including how the news broadcast by the woman known to the U.S. troops as Tokyo Rose included tips on upcoming attacks.
- Painful Ordeal of Tokyo Rose
A story from the Los Angeles Times, from 1997 or 1998, on the broadcasts, her trial for treason, and the evidence presented in the 1970s that her conviction was unfair and that witnesses against her had been pressured by the prosecution.
- Tokyo Rose by H.K. Anderson, 64th Sq.
A perspective on Iva Ikuko Toguri d'Aquino and her broadcasts and conviction, based on the book by Masayo Duus, Tokyo Rose, Orphan of the Pacific. Article includes an explanation of the origin of her on-air Iva Toguri, Orphan Ann, and supports the idea that her conviction was tainted and unjust.
- Tokyo Rose
From the FBI's "Famous Cases," a summary of their version of the conviction of Ikuko Toguri, the seventh person to be convicted of treason in the U.S. The summary summarizes the evidence for her conviction, then briefly mentions her pardon without saying anything about the efforts to discredit the trial evidence and gain the pardon.
About Iva Toguri
- Categories: radio broadcaster, crime, World War II
- Places: Japan United States
- Period: 20th century
Also on this site
- Duus, Masayo. Tokyo Rose: Orphan of the Pacific.
- Howe, Russell Warren. The Hunt for 'Tokyo Rose.' 1990.
More women's history biographies, by name:
Text copyright 1999-2008 © Jone Johnson Lewis.