Women's History: Most Popular Articles
A list of the children and grandchildren of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, showing their intermarriages with other royal houses of Europe.
In the 5th century B.C.E., Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, helped Xerxes against the Greeks, then helped talk Xerxes out of pursuing his conquest of Greece.
Which queen in Tudor history are you most like? Take the quiz and find out!
Was Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt) a black African queen? Here's a summary of the evidence for and against.
Famous women scientists through the ages - how many do you know? Many linked to individual profiles to find out more about these women in the sciences, including medicine and mathematics.
How are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip related? Besides being married, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip share ancestry.
A glossary entry for male chauvinist pig.
Anna Leonowens and her six years at the Court of Siam: her story has captured the imagination of generations of Americans.
Find the best Marilyn Monroe quotes, on acting, her life, marriage, men, and more. You'll find familiar and unfamiliar quotes here, and learn more about this tragic movie star through her words.
That a man was permitted to beat his wife with a switch no thicker than his thumb was a fact, though it was probably not a formal law anywhere nor stated in common law in just that form -- and was almost certainly not the origin of the phrase rule of thumb.
Who was the real Mary Sibley of Salem? Was she an innocent neighbor trying to help out, or a diabolical figure?
Coco Chanel brought us the little black dress, the Chanel suit and jacket, bell bottoms and Chanel No. 5 perfume. What brought her to fame and fortune?
Find biographies about and quotations from some of the most notable black women in American history.
A list of the top 100 women of history on the web, arranged in sequence of their popularity.
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, legalizing abortions under most conditions throughout the United States, has shaped debate about abortion in America ever since.
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen Victoria? The answer, plus the details of how that answer is derived.
A definition and description of radical feminism from the perspective of women's history.
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
August 26, 1920, marked the end of a long battle. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in the United States, and a surprising note from one mother helped win final passage.
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society?
Read about Anne Neville, queen consort of Richard III, who first married into the Lancaster and then the York branch of the royal family, putting her into the middle of the War of the Roses.
What was the women's liberation movement? Who was involved, and how did they work for women's equality and freedom from oppression?
Every person who wants to be literate in history should know about these powerful women rulers -- queens, pharaohs, empresses.
Boudicca was a British Celtic warrior queen who led a revolt against Roman occupation.
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the most likely.
What is feminism? Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action.
Women can do math -- as attested to by these top women mathematicians born before the 20th century's start. Find their life stories and their achievements here.
Which early feminists said that the personal is political and what did they mean by this phrase?
Description of the glass ceiling: what is it? And why can't women shatter it?
Find out more about the life and women's rights organizing of Susan B. Anthony, one of the most important leaders in the long women's suffrage campaign to win the vote for women.
Find biographies of notable women: An index to women's biographies on this site: an ever-expanding list of biographies of notable women, including those who are famous and those who should be more well known.
Photographs from the wedding of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Prince Charles.
Opposition to feminism is nothing new, nor is it something merely of the past. Here are some quotable anti-feminist quotes from those who've opposed feminism or were lukewarm about it.
Biography of Queen Isabella of Spain, ruler of Castile and Aragon with her husband Ferdinand. Her contributions to world history are far more than just financing the expedition of Columbus.
What rights have been included in the umbrella of women's rights, at different periods of history? What are the basic categories of women's rights and some examples of what has been advocated for in each category?
Biography of Catherine Howard, Queen consort and fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. She was beheaded for adultery and hiding her previous sexual history.
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first British citizen to marry a British heir in 300 years. Her seemingly-fairy-tale marriage to Prince Charles ended in scandal and divorce.
Flying women: timeline of women pilots and other women in the air - chronology of female record holders.
Crystal Eastman, socialist feminist, writes in 1920 about the tasks that remain after the vote was won.
Quotes by Eleanor Roosevelt - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Who was Lucrezia Borgia, really? What are the facts of her life, rather than the embellishments of enemies of her family and later writers? Find out in this biography of the illegitimate daughter of Pope Alexander VI.
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England, wielded considerable influence and power. But some of the stories told about her may be pure propaganda.
Quotes by women: an alphabetical index to hundreds of pages of quotes by famous women and some who aren't so famous.
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.
What were the goals of the feminist movement? Learn more about the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s and what they wanted to achieve.
Which women in history had the biggest impact on the world? Here's a suggested list, and room for you to add your own favorite.
Elizabeth I ruled England 1558 to 1603, and the Elizabethan Age was named for her.
Dates that various countries gave the vote to women.
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
Hildegard of Bingen biography: a profile of Hildegard of Bingen, medieval visionary writer and composer of music.
Sojourner Truth biography: read about this former slave, abolitionist, preacher and advocate of women's rights.
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.
England's rulers have more often been men than women, because primogeniture -- inheritance by the oldest son -- was the practice and law for inheriting titles. Meet the women who've held the title of queen, or tried to claim it, in their own right, rather than as queen consort.
Global women political leaders: female prime ministers and presidents.
One of the best remembered pieces from the premiere issue of Ms. magazine is “I Want a Wife.”
Elizabeth Blackwell is known as the first woman physician in America. Learn about her life journey to that goal, and what she did after she graduated from medical school as a medical pioneer.
This history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) explains the origins and outcome of the Equal Rights Amendment struggle.
There were many victims of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Twenty-four people died. Here's the list with information about each of them.
Information on Anna Leonowens - known for her story in Anna and the King of Siam and related adaptations.
A biography of Cleopatra, Pharaoh of Egypt, whose liaisons with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony helped lead to their downfalls.
What woman ran for US president first? And which women have run since? Find a list of the female candidates for US president here.
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?
What was politically correct in another time was different: in these stories of women captured by Indians, we can discover quite a bit about what the culture thought about women and Native Americans in colonial times and the 19th century.
A look at the life and work of this early 20th century original thinker and author on industrial management theory.
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.
Angela Davis biography: philosopher, activist and teacher, Angela Davis was once on the FBI's most wanted list, and once ran for U.S. Vice President. Learn more about this African American radical whose ideas helped shape history.
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.
Learn more about Lizzie Borden, accused (and acquitted) murderer of her father and stepmother. Did she really kill them with an axe?
Mary Lou Retton biography - winner of the 1984 all-around women's gymnastics event at the 1984 Olympics.
The Yellow Wallpaper, a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Presented here in its entirety, with links to relevant related material.
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned in the biblical story of Solomon. Was she a real historical figure? What was her name and where did she come from?
Joan Baez, folk musician and activist, came to prominence in the 1960s folk music revival and the peace and civil rights movements of that decade. Learn more from her biography, with a book list and discography.
Read about what Betty Friedan identified as the problem that has no name, and the solutions offered in her 1963 bestseller 'The Feminine Mystique.'
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Biography of Josephine Baker, jazz singer and Harlem Renaissance figure. Find out how she faced discrimination and accusations and made a successful career in entertainment.
A biography of Mirabai, Bhakti saint and poet who is famous both for her hundreds of devotional songs to Krishna, and for her breaking of traditional role boundaries.
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.
Daughter of the Austrian royal family, Marie Antoinette was Queen of France 1774-1793, deposed and executed by the French Revolution.
A profile of Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII of England.
For Mother's Day or any day: some choice quotes on mothering and mothers. Some are serious, some are humorous or even cynical. Something for everyone.
Learn more about Marie Curie here, including some surprising facts. Marie Curie was the most famous woman scientist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She played a key role in the discovery of radioactivity and its properties, and won two Nobel prizes for her work.
The practice of menstrual regulation or abortion is ancient. Traditional methods have been handed down for hundreds of generations and herbal and other methods have roots in the distant past.
A biography of Elizabeth of York, Queen of England, whose marriage to Henry VII signaled the end of the Wars of the Roses and the beginning of the Tudor dynasty.
Hypatia, a mathematician, was an important pagan philosopher. Hypatia of Alexandria was a popular teacher in the Roman empire, and came under attack by the Christian Church.
Quotes by Madonna - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
A biography of Lucy Stone, known as the woman who kept her own name after marriage, but involved far more deeply in the struggle for women's rights.
Feminists in the 1960s burned their bras - we all know that - even if it Just Ain't So.
Quotes by Dorothy Parker - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
First published version of the text of the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Impressive women of medieval Europe: rulers, artists, writers, saints, they all were important in their day, though some have been nearly forgotten since.
Feminism is about equality of the sexes, and activism to achieve such equality for women. Not all feminist theorists have agreed about how to achieve that.
What is Transcendentalism? A basic guide for the confused. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller and others of the American Romantic movement of the 19th century.
Sally Hemings, a slave, and her relationship with her master, Thomas Jefferson.
Women and World War II: how women's lives changed during World War II.
Biography of the Empress Theodora: about the Byzantine ruler Theodora, a powerful woman whose story is told primarily by Procopius.
Biography and fact sheet about Anne Boleyn, second queen consort of Henry VIII and mother of Queen Elizabeth I, with pictures and a bibliography.
Feminists struggle against oppression of women. What is oppression, and what makes a society oppressive?
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Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England through her two marriages and ruler of her own territories by right of birth, was one of the most powerful women of the world in the twelfth century. This profile highlights her key contributions.
Carefully selected words from Maya Angelou, poet and writer. She's known for her autobiographies as well as her poetry. Read some of her inspiring words here.
Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901, gave her name to an age.
Her bawdy plays and movies were full of double entendres and attracted the attention of industry censors. Enjoy these selected Mae West quotations.
This 1960s feminism timeline explores feminist history. Learn about key women's rights events with this 1960s feminism timeline.
Biography of Abigail Williams, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Alice Walker, novelist and the author of The Color Purple, was the child of sharecroppers. How she achieved her success is a fascinating story, and how she's applied her celebrity is as well.
A biography of one of Hollywood's most famous film stars, Marilyn Monroe.
An index to images of women's history in pictures, from Jone Johnson Lewis, Women's History Expert for About.com.
Famous women basketball players: find the top women in the history of basketball.
King George V and his new bride, Princess Mary of Teck, on their wedding day, July 6, 1893. Page 15.
Catherine the Great of Russia: this biography of Catherine the Great highlights important contributions she made to history, with links to more information.
What is socialist feminism? Socialist feminism was a branch of feminism that gained popularity in the women's movement during the 1960s and 1970s.
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.
Isabella d'Este biography - a profile of Isabella d'Este, part of the Italian Renaissance nobility and arts world.
This 1970s feminism timeline describes important women's rights events. Read about feminist history in this 1970s feminism timeline.
How the terms Woman and Women were used somewhat differently in philosophical and political writings, especially in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Quotations by Susan B. Anthony, one of the best-known workers for women's right to vote in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Captivity narratives of white women held captive by Indians were often autobiographical. Find more about these women and their narratives and histories. Page 3.
Women have won only a few of the total number of Nobel Peace Prize awards, more in recent years than in the early years, though it may have been a woman's peace activism that inspired Alfred Nobel to create the award.
Dates that women in the U.S. got the vote - national, state, and local milestones.
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.
Information on Aimee Semple McPherson, a pioneer in Pentecostal religion and center of a kidnapping scandal. A biography and carefully selected Net links for more information.
A chronology of women in space - timeline of famous firsts for women astronauts, cosmonauts, space shuttle pilots and commanders, and more.
A gallery of pictures of America's first ladies, wives of the presidents.
Property rights of married women, under English common law and especially in America.
Olympe de Gouges, playwright and author of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen.
Norma McCorvey was Roe in the famous Roe v. Wade case, noted for converting from a pro-choice to an anti-abortion point of view.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a key leader in the 19th century women's rights movement, even with time spent at home raising her family. Later, her more radical views sent her to the margins. Learn more about Stanton and her contributions to women's suffrage, especially working with Susan B. Anthony.
A few trivia questions on the American women's suffrage movement.
Seneca Falls 1848 saw the first meeting of women and a few men to call for rights for women. The Seneca Falls meeting is often seen as the kick-off of the women's rights movement -- the first wave of feminism.
Mary Wollstonecraft: the argument she makes in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Part of a series of articles on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.
Defining the term glass ceiling, especially in relation to women's history and women's rights
Tis the Set of the Sail or One Ship Sails East: a poem from Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
What happened in Salem in 1692? This detailed timeline includes what happened before, during and after the Salem Witch trials, and will help you figure out the causes and effects of the trials.
Zenobia was queen of Palmyra, in Syria. She conquered Egypt and challenged Rome, though was eventually defeated.
Florence Nightingale is best known for her nursing career. These quotations reflect some of her thoughts on that profession, but also on topics like religion and women's role in life.
Jane Boleyn was Anne Boleyn's sister-in-law. Learn more about this woman who implicated her husband and Anne. Later, she was herself implicated in another scandal, this time involving Henry VIII's fifth wife.
Feminists staged the Miss America Protest at the 1968 Miss America Pageant. Learn how the
The story of Queen Mary I of England, known as Bloody Mary, who was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, his first wife.
After woman suffrage militants were arrested outside the White House for their pro-vote protest, many were subjected to brutal treatment at Occoquan Workhouse in 1917.
Overview of the legacy, life, and work of England's early feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
Description of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan and the impact of the book. How Betty Friedan explored women's unhappiness in The Feminine Mystique and inspired the Women's Liberation Movement.
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.
Elizabeth Woodville and the other women of the series The White Queen, as they really appeared in the Wars of the Roses.
Princess Beatrice, youngest daughter of Queen Victoria, in her wedding dress, 1885. Page 13.
Amelia Earhart biography, including facts about Amelia Earhart's life and links to more information. Her disappearance on July 2, 1937, remains a mystery.
What's wrong with beauty pageants? Why did feminists of the 1960s protest Miss America? A list of 10 women's liberation objections to the Miss America pageant.
Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer after their wedding ceremony at St Paul's Cathedral, July 29, 1981. Page 8.
Harriet Tubman's early life as a slave, her first marriage to a free black man, and her escape to the North and freedom.
A history of the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution, as it has been applied to women's rights.