Women's History: Most Popular Articles
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, legalizing abortions under most conditions throughout the United States, has shaped debate about abortion in America ever since.
A list of the children and grandchildren of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, showing their intermarriages with other royal houses of Europe.
A glossary entry for male chauvinist pig.
Biography of Queen Isabella of Spain, ruler of Castile and Aragon with her husband Ferdinand. Her contributions to world history are far more than just financing the expedition of Columbus.
How are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip related? Besides being married, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip share ancestry.
Coco Chanel brought us the little black dress, the Chanel suit and jacket, bell bottoms and Chanel No. 5 perfume. What brought her to fame and fortune?
Famous women scientists through the ages - how many do you know? Many linked to individual profiles to find out more about these women in the sciences, including medicine and mathematics.
What is feminism? Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action.
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society?
That a man was permitted to beat his wife with a switch no thicker than his thumb was a fact, though it was probably not a formal law anywhere nor stated in common law in just that form -- and was almost certainly not the origin of the phrase rule of thumb.
One of the best remembered pieces from the premiere issue of Ms. magazine is “I Want a Wife.”
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.
Was Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt) a black African queen? Here's a summary of the evidence for and against.
A definition and description of radical feminism from the perspective of women's history.
A profile of Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Cannary Burke), notable figure from American western history.
Hildegard of Bingen biography: a profile of Hildegard of Bingen, medieval visionary writer and composer of music.
Find biographies about and quotations from some of the most notable black women in American history.
Description of the glass ceiling: what is it? And why can't women shatter it?
Biography of Abigail Williams, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Overview of the legacy, life, and work of England's early feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the most likely.
Which early feminists said that the personal is political and what did they mean by this phrase?
August 26, 1920, marked the end of a long battle. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in the United States, and a surprising note from one mother helped win final passage.
Every person who wants to be literate in history should know about these powerful women rulers -- queens, pharaohs, empresses.
What is Transcendentalism? A basic guide for the confused. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller and others of the American Romantic movement of the 19th century.
A list of the top 100 women of history on the web, arranged in sequence of their popularity.
Women can do math -- as attested to by these top women mathematicians born before the 20th century's start. Find their life stories and their achievements here.
Crystal Eastman, socialist feminist, writes in 1920 about the tasks that remain after the vote was won.
Find out more about the life and women's rights organizing of Susan B. Anthony, one of the most important leaders in the long women's suffrage campaign to win the vote for women.
Elizabeth Blackwell is known as the first woman physician in America. Learn about her life journey to that goal, and what she did after she graduated from medical school as a medical pioneer.
Find biographies of notable women: An index to women's biographies on this site: an ever-expanding list of biographies of notable women, including those who are famous and those who should be more well known.
Biography of the Empress Theodora: about the Byzantine ruler Theodora, a powerful woman whose story is told primarily by Procopius.
Boudicca was a British Celtic warrior queen who led a revolt against Roman occupation.
Elizabeth I ruled England 1558 to 1603, and the Elizabethan Age was named for her.
Mary Wollstonecraft: the argument she makes in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Part of a series of articles on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.
What rights have been included in the umbrella of women's rights, at different periods of history? What are the basic categories of women's rights and some examples of what has been advocated for in each category?
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.
Find the best Marilyn Monroe quotes, on acting, her life, marriage, men, and more. You'll find familiar and unfamiliar quotes here, and learn more about this tragic movie star through her words.
Which queen in Tudor history are you most like? Take the quiz and find out!
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a key leader in the 19th century women's rights movement, even with time spent at home raising her family. Later, her more radical views sent her to the margins. Learn more about Stanton and her contributions to women's suffrage, especially working with Susan B. Anthony.
Who were the top 10 women who worked for women's suffrage -- the right to vote and hold office? This list includes the women's suffrage activists everyone should know.
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
A biography of Harriet Quimby, the first woman licensed as a pilot in the United States.
What was the women's liberation movement? Who was involved, and how did they work for women's equality and freedom from oppression?
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England, wielded considerable influence and power. But some of the stories told about her may be pure propaganda.
Sojourner Truth biography: read about this former slave, abolitionist, preacher and advocate of women's rights.
Olympe de Gouges, playwright and author of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen.
What were the goals of the feminist movement? Learn more about the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s and what they wanted to achieve.
Quotes by Eleanor Roosevelt - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
There were many victims of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Twenty-four people died. Here's the list with information about each of them.
Hypatia, a mathematician, was an important pagan philosopher. Hypatia of Alexandria was a popular teacher in the Roman empire, and came under attack by the Christian Church.
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.
A biography of Queen Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt, who took on male symbols of kingship. What was her claim to rulership? Was she a successful ruler of Egypt?
Harriet Tubman's early life as a slave, her first marriage to a free black man, and her escape to the North and freedom.
This history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) explains the origins and outcome of the Equal Rights Amendment struggle.
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen Victoria? The answer, plus the details of how that answer is derived.
What is socialist feminism? Socialist feminism was a branch of feminism that gained popularity in the women's movement during the 1960s and 1970s.
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.
A profile of Sybil Ludington highlighting her heroic 1777 ride to raise militia troops to stop the British advance.
What woman ran for US president first? And which women have run since? Find a list of the female candidates for US president here.
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.
Anna Leonowens and her six years at the Court of Siam: her story has captured the imagination of generations of Americans.
Isabella d'Este biography - a profile of Isabella d'Este, part of the Italian Renaissance nobility and arts world.
Biography of Martha Carrier, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Dates that various countries gave the vote to women.
What's wrong with beauty pageants? Why did feminists of the 1960s protest Miss America? A list of 10 women's liberation objections to the Miss America pageant.
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
Flying women: timeline of women pilots and other women in the air - chronology of female record holders.
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.
Facts about Harriet Tubman, a slave who escaped to freedom and then helped more than 300 other slaves escape. She was an abolitionist and proponent of civil rights in addition to being a Civil War soldier and spy.
Feminists struggle against oppression of women. What is oppression, and what makes a society oppressive?
Opposition to feminism is nothing new, nor is it something merely of the past. Here are some quotable anti-feminist quotes from those who've opposed feminism or were lukewarm about it.
A biography of Cleopatra, Pharaoh of Egypt, whose liaisons with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony helped lead to their downfalls.
Angela Davis biography: philosopher, activist and teacher, Angela Davis was once on the FBI's most wanted list, and once ran for U.S. Vice President. Learn more about this African American radical whose ideas helped shape history.
Doctors of the Church are teachers of doctrine whose writings are considered by the Roman Catholic church to be especially inspiring and in alignment with doctrine. What women have been named to this office?
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first British citizen to marry a British heir in 300 years. Her seemingly-fairy-tale marriage to Prince Charles ended in scandal and divorce.
Alice Walker, novelist and the author of The Color Purple, was the child of sharecroppers. How she achieved her success is a fascinating story, and how she's applied her celebrity is as well.
Jane Addams biography: a biography of Jane Addams, whose settlement house work at Hull-House was an important part of the history of the social work profession.
Catherine the Great of Russia: this biography of Catherine the Great highlights important contributions she made to history, with links to more information.
Tituba biography: a profile of the Indian slave in Salem Village who was at the center of the Salem Witch Trials.
Teresa of Avila biography - profile of the Spanish saint who was part of the Counter-Reformation, helped reform monasteries in Spain to more strictly adhere to their rule.
Bridget Bishop biography - a profile of Bridget Bishop, accused of witchcraft during the 1692 Salem witch trials.
Biography of Josephine Baker, jazz singer and Harlem Renaissance figure. Find out how she faced discrimination and accusations and made a successful career in entertainment.
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.
England's rulers have more often been men than women, because primogeniture -- inheritance by the oldest son -- was the practice and law for inheriting titles. Meet the women who've held the title of queen, or tried to claim it, in their own right, rather than as queen consort.
In the 5th century B.C.E., Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, helped Xerxes against the Greeks, then helped talk Xerxes out of pursuing his conquest of Greece.
A look at the life and work of this early 20th century original thinker and author on industrial management theory.
Mary Surratt and three others executed for conspiracy in 1865. Page 12.
Harriet Tubman served in the Union Army during the Civil War, organizing a scout and spy network, and even organizing, leading and going on raids herself. But she had to support herself by selling baked goods.
Quotes by women: an alphabetical index to hundreds of pages of quotes by famous women and some who aren't so famous.
Learn more about Lizzie Borden, accused (and acquitted) murderer of her father and stepmother. Did she really kill them with an axe?
Biography of Catherine Howard, Queen consort and fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. She was beheaded for adultery and hiding her previous sexual history.
1865 image of the execution of Mary Surratt and three others as conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 11.
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.
Photograph of the grave of Mrs. Mary Surratt, convicted and executed as a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Page 13.
Adjusting the ropes before hanging the conspirators, July 7, 1865: Mary Surratt, Lewis Payne, David Herold, Georg Atzerodt. Page 10.
The Yellow Wallpaper, a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Presented here in its entirety, with links to relevant related material.
What happened in Salem in 1692? This detailed timeline includes what happened before, during and after the Salem Witch trials, and will help you figure out the causes and effects of the trials.
Dates that women in the U.S. got the vote - national, state, and local milestones.
Read about Anne Neville, queen consort of Richard III, who first married into the Lancaster and then the York branch of the royal family, putting her into the middle of the War of the Roses.
Alice Paul biography, with links and picture. Alice Paul was one of the leading figures in the passage of the 19th Amendment for women's suffrage.
Anne Bradstreet's poetry dealt with typical Puritan religious and spiritual themes, but also defended women's Reason and addressed the immortality of writing itself.
Learn more about Marie Curie here, including some surprising facts. Marie Curie was the most famous woman scientist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She played a key role in the discovery of radioactivity and its properties, and won two Nobel prizes for her work.
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?
Mary, Queen of Scots: learn about the heritage and life of the woman who was also a Queen of France and a claimant to the English throne.
Daughter of the Austrian royal family, Marie Antoinette was Queen of France 1774-1793, deposed and executed by the French Revolution.
Which women in history had the biggest impact on the world? Here's a suggested list, and room for you to add your own favorite.
An overview of the ideology of separate spheres which attempted to define the proper role or place or sphere for women and for men.
Feminism is about equality of the sexes, and activism to achieve such equality for women. Not all feminist theorists have agreed about how to achieve that.
This 1960s feminism timeline explores feminist history. Learn about key women's rights events with this 1960s feminism timeline.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Feminine Mystique
Before the Industrial Revolution, women worked at home and in many trades. The textile mills hired women and children, because they would work for lower pay than men would.
Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901, gave her name to an age.
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.
Abigail Adams was far more than just a president's wife. She managed the family business while he worked for America's freedom. Her letters advocated women's rights. Her thoughts influenced her husband, John Adams.
Sally Hemings, a slave, and her relationship with her master, Thomas Jefferson.
A time line of events in the history of women's suffrage in America.
Women and World War II: how women's lives changed during World War II.
Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England through her two marriages and ruler of her own territories by right of birth, was one of the most powerful women of the world in the twelfth century. This profile highlights her key contributions.
Florence Kelley profile: social worker, lawyer, social reform advocate, and head of the National Consumers League.
Lorraine Hansberry is best known for her play, A Raisin in the Sun, with universal, black, and feminist themes.
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.
Biography of Rebecca Nurse, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Biography of Sarah Good, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Was she killed by her stepson, her nephew and heir? Or did she die of natural causes? If so, of what? What do we know about Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut's cause of death?
Photographs from the wedding of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Prince Charles.
Joan Baez, folk musician and activist, came to prominence in the 1960s folk music revival and the peace and civil rights movements of that decade. Learn more from her biography, with a book list and discography.
Seneca Falls 1848 saw the first meeting of women and a few men to call for rights for women. The Seneca Falls meeting is often seen as the kick-off of the women's rights movement -- the first wave of feminism.
Betsy Ross biography: She made the first American flag -- or did she? Even if she didn't, her life and accomplishments are interesting. Why did the legend of the flag-making become popular so quickly?
Quotes by Ann Richards - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Harriet Tubman was not satisfied with her own freedom. She returned to the South many times to free her family members and others, taking them to the North or Canada to freedom. She also spoke for the anti-slavery cause and for women's rights.
Sophie Germain biography - profile of a pioneer in math, mathematical physics, and number theory.
Zenobia was queen of Palmyra, in Syria. She conquered Egypt and challenged Rome, though was eventually defeated.
Biography of Zora Neale Hurston, an author and anthropologist who was part of the Harlem Renaissance and was rediscovered by Alice Walker.
Quotations by Susan B. Anthony, one of the best-known workers for women's right to vote in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Description of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan and the impact of the book. How Betty Friedan explored women's unhappiness in The Feminine Mystique and inspired the Women's Liberation Movement.
A history of the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution, as it has been applied to women's rights.
Norma McCorvey was Roe in the famous Roe v. Wade case, noted for converting from a pro-choice to an anti-abortion point of view.
Roe v Wade text: the complete text of the 1973 Supreme Court Decision on abortion rights, including the preface, conclusions, and concurring and dissenting opinions.
A chronology of major events in the history of temperance and prohibition.
A profile of Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII of England.
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned in the biblical story of Solomon. Was she a real historical figure? What was her name and where did she come from?
First published version of the text of the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Mary Surratt and three men were executed for conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, July 7, 1865. Page 8.
A few trivia questions on the American women's suffrage movement.
Who was Molly Pitcher? That name is closely associated with Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, who took part in the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey, on June 28, 1778. Read more about her life and exploits, and how she's remembered.
A biography of Ida B. Wells-Barnett, muckraking journalist and anti-lynching crusader.
A chronology of women in space - timeline of famous firsts for women astronauts, cosmonauts, space shuttle pilots and commanders, and more.
What did 1970s feminists do? A look at some significant actions of the 1970s feminist movement.