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Women's History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Goals of the Feminist Movement
What were the goals of the feminist movement? Learn more about the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s and what they wanted to achieve.
Women's Liberation Movement
What was the women's liberation movement? Who was involved, and how did they work for women's equality and freedom from oppression?
The Inspiring Story of Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth biography: read about this former slave, abolitionist, preacher and advocate of women's rights.
1960s Feminist Activities
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.
Which Tudor Queen Are You? A Women's History Quiz
Which queen in Tudor history are you most like? Take the quiz and find out!
Coco Chanel, Fashion Designer and Executive
Coco Chanel brought us the little black dress, the Chanel suit and jacket, bell bottoms and Chanel No. 5 perfume. What brought her to fame and fortune?
Queen Victoria's Fertile Family Tree
A list of the children and grandchildren of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, showing their intermarriages with other royal houses of Europe.
All About the Controversial Roe v. Wade Decision
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, legalizing abortions under most conditions throughout the United States, has shaped debate about abortion in America ever since.
Elizabeth Blackwell: First Woman Physician
Elizabeth Blackwell is known as the first woman physician in America. Learn about her life journey to that goal, and what she did after she graduated from medical school as a medical pioneer.
August 26, 1920
August 26, 1920, marked the end of a long battle: the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in all United States elections.
What did feminists mean by "the personal is...
Which early feminists said that the personal is political and what did they mean by this phrase?
Rule of Thumb and Wife-Beating - Mostly a Myth
That a man was permitted to beat his wife with a switch no thicker than his thumb was a fact, though it was probably not a formal law anywhere nor stated in common law in just that form -- and was almost certainly not the origin of the phrase rule of thumb.
Susan B. Anthony
Find out more about the life and women's rights organizing of Susan B. Anthony, one of the most important leaders in the long women's suffrage campaign to win the vote for women.
How Are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip...
How are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip related? Besides being married, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip share ancestry.
Glass Ceiling for Women
Description of the glass ceiling: what is it? And why can't women shatter it?
What Is the Feminine Mystique?
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Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I ruled England 1558 to 1603, and the Elizabethan Age was named for her.
Was Cleopatra Black?
Was Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt) a black African queen? Here's a summary of the evidence for and against.
Male Chauvinist Pig
A glossary entry for male chauvinist pig.
What You Didn't Know About the Equal Rights...
This history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) explains the origins and outcome of the Equal Rights Amendment struggle.
Top 10 Women in Mathematics History
Women can do math -- as attested to by these top women mathematicians born before the 20th century's start. Find their life stories and their achievements here.
Artemisia, Warrior Queen at the Battle of Salamis
In the 5th century B.C.E., Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, helped Xerxes against the Greeks, then helped talk Xerxes out of pursuing his conquest of Greece. Learn more about what we know about this historical character.
1955 Marilyn Monroe Studio Portrait
An autographed studio portrait of Marilyn Monroe, from about 1955. Page 12.
You Should Know These Notable Black Women in...
Find biographies and more about some of America's most notable black women, from colonial times to the present.
Now We Can Begin
Crystal Eastman, socialist feminist, writes in 1920 about the tasks that remain after the vote was won.
Female Spies in World War I and World War II
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.
Queen Isabella I of Spain: More Than Just About...
Biography of Queen Isabella of Spain, ruler of Castile and Aragon with her husband Ferdinand. Her contributions to world history are far more than just financing the expedition of Columbus.
Patriarchal Society
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society?
The Feminist Movement in Art
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.
Lorraine Hansberry, Pioneer Black Woman...
Lorraine Hansberry is best known for her play, A Raisin in the Sun, with universal, black, and feminist themes.
Feminist Literary Criticism
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.
Abortion History
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
Top 100 Women of History
A list of the top 100 women of history on the web, arranged in sequence of their popularity.
What Did Judy Brady Mean When She Wrote "I Want...
I Want a Wife is a famous essay from the first issue of Ms. magazine. How did Judy (Syfers) Brady make her case?
Anti-Feminist Quotes
Opposition to feminism is nothing new, nor is it something merely of the past. Here are some quotable anti-feminist quotes from those who've opposed feminism or were lukewarm about it.
82 Famous Women Scientists
Famous women scientists through the ages - how many do you know? Many linked to individual profiles to find out more about these women in the sciences, including medicine and mathematics.
100 Most Important Women in World History
Which women in history had the biggest impact on the world? Here's a suggested list, and room for you to add your own favorite.
Just the Facts: Who Was Harriet Tubman?
Facts about Harriet Tubman, a slave who escaped to freedom and then helped more than 300 other slaves escape. She was an abolitionist and proponent of civil rights in addition to being a Civil War soldier and spy.
1960s Feminism Timeline
This 1960s feminism timeline explores feminist history. Learn about key women's rights events with this 1960s feminism timeline.
Anne Neville, Richard III's Queen
Read about Anne Neville, queen consort of Richard III, who first married into the Lancaster and then the York branch of the royal family, putting her into the middle of the War of the Roses.
Feminism Definition
What is feminism? Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action.
Biographies of Women
Find biographies of notable women: An index to women's biographies on this site: an ever-expanding list of biographies of notable women, including those who are famous and those who should be more well known.
International Woman Suffrage Timeline
Dates that various countries gave the vote to women.
Radical Feminism
A definition and description of radical feminism from the perspective of women's history.
Liberal Feminism
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.
Hypatia of Alexandria
Hypatia, a mathematician, was an important pagan philosopher. Hypatia of Alexandria was a popular teacher in the Roman empire, and came under attack by the Christian Church.
How Harriet Tubman Fought Slavery
Harriet Tubman's early life as a slave, her first marriage to a free black man, and her escape to the North and freedom.
The Feminine Mystique
Description of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan and the impact of the book. How Betty Friedan explored women's unhappiness in The Feminine Mystique and inspired the Women's Liberation Movement.
Josephine Baker
Biography of Josephine Baker, jazz singer and Harlem Renaissance figure. Find out how she faced discrimination and accusations and made a successful career in entertainment.
All About the Author of Their Eyes Were...
Biography of Zora Neale Hurston, an author and anthropologist who was part of the Harlem Renaissance and was rediscovered by Alice Walker.
Norma McCorvey
Norma McCorvey was Roe in the famous Roe v. Wade case, noted for converting from a pro-choice to an anti-abortion point of view.
Marilyn Monroe Biography
A biography of one of Hollywood's most famous film stars, Marilyn Monroe.
Women's Suffrage Quiz
A few trivia questions on the American women's suffrage movement.
What's the Real Story About Betsy Ross?
Betsy Ross biography: She made the first American flag -- or did she? Even if she didn't, her life and accomplishments are interesting. Why did the legend of the flag-making become popular so quickly?
The Yellow Wallpaper - Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Yellow Wallpaper, a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Presented here in its entirety, with links to relevant related material.
Stop ERA
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Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a key leader in the 19th century women's rights movement, even with time spent at home raising her family. Later, her more radical views sent her to the margins. Learn more about Stanton and her contributions to women's suffrage, especially working with Susan B. Anthony.
Marie Antoinette
Daughter of the Austrian royal family, Marie Antoinette was Queen of France 1774-1793, deposed and executed by the French Revolution.
Isabella d'Este
Isabella d'Este biography - a profile of Isabella d'Este, part of the Italian Renaissance nobility and arts world.
What is Transcendentalism?
What is Transcendentalism? A basic guide for the confused. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller and others of the American Romantic movement of the 19th century.
Hildegard of Bingen
Hildegard of Bingen biography: a profile of Hildegard of Bingen, medieval visionary writer and composer of music.
Grace Hopper Quotes
Quotes by Grace Hopper - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Lesser-Known Facts About the First Women's...
Seneca Falls 1848 saw the first meeting of women and a few men to call for rights for women. The Seneca Falls meeting is often seen as the kick-off of the women's rights movement -- the first wave of feminism.
Oppression
Feminists struggle against oppression of women. What is oppression, and what makes a society oppressive?
Mary Wollstonecraft - What Rights?
Mary Wollstonecraft: the argument she makes in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Part of an article on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.
Anna and the King
Anna Leonowens and her six years at the Court of Siam: her story has captured the imagination of generations of Americans.
Socialist Feminism
What is socialist feminism? Socialist feminism was a branch of feminism that gained popularity in the women's movement during the 1960s and 1970s.
Women and World War II
Women and World War II: how women's lives changed during World War II.
Princess Diana Wedding Pictures
Photographs from the wedding of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Prince Charles.
12 Powerful Women Rulers Everyone Should Know
Every person who wants to be literate in history should know about these powerful women rulers -- queens, pharaohs, empresses.
About Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt
A biography of Cleopatra, Pharaoh of Egypt, whose liaisons with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony helped lead to their downfalls.
Analysis of "Occupation: Housewife"
Read about what Betty Friedan identified as the problem that has no name, and the solutions offered in her 1963 bestseller 'The Feminine Mystique.'
Women in Aviation - Timeline
Flying women: timeline of women pilots and other women in the air - chronology of female record holders.
Angela Davis
Angela Davis biography: philosopher, activist and teacher, Angela Davis was once on the FBI's most wanted list, and once ran for U.S. Vice President. Learn more about this African American radical whose ideas helped shape history.
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen...
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen Victoria? The answer, plus the details of how that answer is derived.
Princess Diana Biography
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first British citizen to marry a British heir in 300 years, and whose marriage ended in scandal and divorce.
Lucy Stone Biography
A biography of Lucy Stone, known as the woman who kept her own name after marriage, but involved far more deeply in the struggle for women's rights.
Celtic Warrior Queen Takes on the Romans
Boudicca was a British Celtic warrior queen who led a revolt against Roman occupation.
Abigail Williams
Biography of Abigail Williams, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Marilyn Monroe and the White Dress
Marilyn Monroe with Billy Wilder, as she stands on a subway grate in the iconic white halter dress. About 1955. Page 13.
Abortion in the Ancient and Premodern World
The practice of menstrual regulation or abortion is ancient. Traditional methods have been handed down for hundreds of generations and herbal and other methods have roots in the distant past.
Feminist Theorists
Feminism is about equality of the sexes, and activism to achieve such equality for women. Not all feminist theorists have agreed about how to achieve that.
Eleanor Roosevelt Quotes
Quotes by Eleanor Roosevelt - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
National Organization for Women - NOW
A profile of the National Organization for Women, founded in 1966 to work for women's equality.
Harriet Tubman Biography - From Slavery to...
Harriet Tubman was not satisfied with her own freedom. She returned to the South many times to free her family members and others, taking them to the North or Canada to freedom. She also spoke for the anti-slavery cause and for women's rights.
Alice Walker
Alice Walker, novelist and the author of The Color Purple, was the child of sharecroppers. How she achieved her success is a fascinating story, and how she's applied her celebrity is as well.
Was There a Real Molly Pitcher in the American...
Who was Molly Pitcher? This article makes the case that she was Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly from Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Read more about her life and exploits, and how she's remembered.
Molly Brown
A biography of Titanic survivor, Margaret Tobin Brown, known as Molly Brown. She was the subject of the play and movie, The Unsinkable Molly Brown.
What’s Wrong With Beauty Pageants?
What's wrong with beauty pageants? Why did feminists of the 1960s protest Miss America? A list of 10 women's liberation objections to the Miss America pageant.
What Are Women's Rights?
What rights have been included in the umbrella of women's rights, at different periods of history? What are the basic categories of women's rights and some examples of what has been advocated for in each category?
1970s Feminism Timeline
This 1970s feminism timeline describes important women's rights events. Read about feminist history in this 1970s feminism timeline.
27 Super-Inspiring Quotes from Susan B. Anthony
Quotations by Susan B. Anthony, one of the best-known workers for women's right to vote in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
What's Meant By a Glass Ceiling at Work?
Defining the term glass ceiling, especially in relation to women's history and women's rights
What You Need to Know About Women's Suffrage
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.
Female Pharaohs
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the women most commonly thought to have served as Pharaoh, or to have assumed the power of the Pharaoh as a regent.
First African American Woman Pilot
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.
Empress Theodora
Biography of the Empress Theodora: about the Byzantine ruler Theodora, a powerful woman whose story is told primarily by Procopius.
Lucretia Mott
A profile of Lucretia Mott, Quaker antislavery and women's rights advocate.
Jane Addams
Jane Addams biography: a biography of Jane Addams, whose settlement house work at Hull-House was an important part of the history of the social work profession.
Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks is pictured in 1988 at a ceremony in her honor. Page 44.
Fictional Representations of Elizabeth Woodville
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England, wielded considerable influence and power. But some of the stories told about her may be pure propaganda.
Battle Hymn of the Republic - History and First...
First published version of the text of the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Bra-Burning Feminists: NOT
Feminists in the 1960s burned their bras - we all know that - even if it Just Ain't So.
Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.
Mary Wollstonecraft Legacy
Overview of the legacy, life, and work of England's early feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
Status of Women - Germany - 20th Century -...
Germany - Status of Women Encyclopedia of Women's History - from Jone Johnson Lewis For centuries, a
Women Who Ran for President
What woman ran for US president first? And which women have run since? Find a list of the female candidates for US president here.
First Woman to Vote Under the 19th Amendment
First woman to vote under the 19th Amendment and woman suffrage in the United States: who and where was she?
Amelia Earhart Timeline
Amelia Earhart timeline - a chronology of events in the life and career of Amelia Earhart.
Quotes by Women
Quotes by women: an alphabetical index to hundreds of pages of quotes by famous women and some who aren't so famous.
How Women Became Part of the Civil Rights Act
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Women and Work in Early America
Before the Industrial Revolution, women worked at home and in many trades. The textile mills hired women and children, because they would work for lower pay than men would.
Clara Barton
Clara Barton biography: profile of Clara Barton, including her famed Civil War service organizing nursing services and supplies, and her work to found the American Red Cross.
Lucrezia Borgia
Who was Lucrezia Borgia, really? What are the facts of her life, rather than the embellishments of enemies of her family and later writers? Find out in this biography of the illegitimate daughter of Pope Alexander VI.
Significant Feminist Protests
List of significant feminist protests in the 1960s and 1970s. Read about Women's Liberation Movement activism that has affected U.S. law and the lives of women today.
Remember the Ladies: About Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams was far more than just a president's wife. She managed the family business while he worked for America's freedom. Her letters advocated women's rights. Her thoughts influenced her husband, John Adams.
Miss America Protest
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Joan Baez
Joan Baez, folk musician and activist, came to prominence in the 1960s folk music revival and the peace and civil rights movements of that decade. Learn more from her biography, with a book list and discography.
Harlem Renaissance Women
The women of the Harlem Renaissance -- black women writers, artists, poets, journalists, and others in the early 20th century.
The Help and 1960s Feminism
The book's main plot is about women telling their stories in a society that has long refused to hear their voices. Is 'The Help' a feminist novel?
Herstory Quiz - Women's History Quiz
Test your knowledge of women's history with this quiz.
Comparable Worth - Pay Equity
Brief history and description of the concept of comparable worth: equal pay for work of equal value. From Jone Johnson Lewis.
Best All-Around Female Athlete Ever?
Read more about the life and career of track and field star Jackie Joyner-Kersee, considered by many to be the best all-around female athlete in the world.
Marie Curie
Learn more about Marie Curie here, including some surprising facts. Marie Curie was the most famous woman scientist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She played a key role in the discovery of radioactivity and its properties, and won two Nobel prizes for her work.
Timeline 1920-1929
A chronology of events and birthdates for African American women and other women involved in African American history. This section of the timeline covers the years 1920-1929.
Margaret Sanger
A biography of Margaret Sanger, the nurse who promoted birth control as a means by which a woman could exercise control over her life and health.
Toni Morrison
A biography sketch of Toni Morrison, African American woman writer, and winner of a Pulitzer Prize and Nobel Prize for Literature.
Who Was the First Female Supreme Court Justice?
Who was the first woman Supreme Court justice in the United States? She was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981.
Women in the Tudor Dynasty
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
Women's Suffrage Time Line
A time line of events in the history of women's suffrage in America.
Florence Nightingale Quotes
Florence Nightingale is best known for her nursing career. These quotations reflect some of her thoughts on that profession, but also on topics like religion and women's role in life.
Women's Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment
A history of the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution, as it has been applied to women's rights.
Ain't I A Woman?
A speech given by Sojourner Truth in 1851 to a women's rights convention, and retold in 1881 by Frances Gage
Simone de Beauvoir and Second-Wave Feminism
Was the feminist Simone de Beauvoir indeed part of Women's Liberation? Read what she had to say as she took her place in the movement she inspired.
Christa McAuliffe - Teacher in Space
Christa McAuliffe, America's selected Teacher in Space, was on the space shuttle challenger that exploded in 1986. Her commitment to science and space education survives her in many projects.
Top Women in Basketball History
Famous women basketball players: find the top women in the history of basketball.
Who Really Was Salem's Mary Sibley?
Who was the real Mary Sibley of Salem? Was she an innocent neighbor trying to help out, or a diabolical figure?
Ten Important Feminist Beliefs
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.
Camille Paglia Quotes
Quotes by Camille Paglia - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Indian Captivity Narratives
What was politically correct in another time was different: in these stories of women captured by Indians, we can discover quite a bit about what the culture thought about women and Native Americans in colonial times and the 19th century.
Mary McLeod Bethune
An extended biography of educator and racial justice activist Mary McLeod Bethune, founder of Bethune-Cookman College, with links to quotes from Mary McLeod Bethune and more information on this site and on the Net.
Sarah Grimké
Sarah Moore Grimké and her sister Angelina Grimké were two key figures among abolitionists and women's rights advocates, especially before the Civil War.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England through her two marriages and ruler of her own territories by right of birth, was one of the most powerful women of the world in the twelfth century. This profile highlights her key contributions.
1970s Feminist Activities
What did 1970s feminists do? A look at some significant actions of the 1970s feminist movement.
Harriet Tubman Picture Gallery
Pictures of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights.
Salem Witch Trials Timeline
What happened in Salem in 1692? This detailed timeline includes what happened before, during and after the Salem Witch trials, and will help you figure out the causes and effects of the trials.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots: learn about the heritage and life of the woman who was also a Queen of France and a claimant to the English throne.
Motherhood Quotes
For Mother's Day or any day: some choice quotes on mothering and mothers. Some are serious, some are humorous or even cynical. Something for everyone.
'The Second Feminist Wave'
An early analysis of the second feminist wave: Martha Weinman Lear's article 'The Second Feminist Wave' appeared in 1968, reporting on the 1960s women's movement.
Women's Suffrage Timeline State by State
Dates that women in the U.S. got the vote - national, state, and local milestones.

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