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Women's History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Queen Victoria's Fertile Family Tree
A list of the children and grandchildren of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, showing their intermarriages with other royal houses of Europe.
Roe v. Wade Fast Facts: What You Need to Know...
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, legalizing abortions under most conditions throughout the United States, has shaped debate about abortion in America ever since.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip: How Are...
How are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip related? Besides being married, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip share ancestry.
The Rule of Thumb and the Legality of...
That a man was permitted to beat his wife with a switch no thicker than his thumb was a fact, though it was probably not a formal law anywhere nor stated in common law in just that form -- and was almost certainly not the origin of the phrase rule of thumb.
Was Cleopatra Black? Evidence For and Against
Was Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt) a black African queen? Here's a summary of the evidence for and against.
Queen Isabella: More Than Just a Patron of...
Biography of Queen Isabella of Spain, ruler of Castile and Aragon with her husband Ferdinand. Her contributions to world history are far more than just financing the expedition of Columbus.
What Does Feminism Include?
What is feminism? Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action.
Coco Chanel, Fashion Designer and Executive
Coco Chanel brought us the little black dress, the Chanel suit and jacket, bell bottoms and Chanel No. 5 perfume. What brought her to fame and fortune?
What Is a Patriarchal Society and How Does It...
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society?
Who Was Hildegard of Bingen?
Hildegard of Bingen biography: a profile of Hildegard of Bingen, medieval visionary writer and composer of music.
40 Inspiring Quotes from Eleanor Roosevelt
Quotes by Eleanor Roosevelt - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
80+ Famous Female Scientists: Which Ones Can...
Famous women scientists through the ages - how many do you know? Many linked to individual profiles to find out more about these women in the sciences, including medicine and mathematics.
Abigail Williams
Biography of Abigail Williams, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Judy Brady's Legendary Feminist Satire: I Want...
One of the best remembered pieces from the premiere issue of Ms. magazine is “I Want a Wife.”
What Is Radical Feminism?
A definition and description of radical feminism from the perspective of women's history.
Male Chauvinist Pig (MCP): Where Does That...
A glossary entry for male chauvinist pig.
What Is Liberal Feminism?
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.
12 Powerful Women Rulers Everyone Should Know
Every person who wants to be literate in history should know about these powerful women rulers -- queens, pharaohs, empresses.
Women's Suffrage Victory: What Won the Final...
August 26, 1920, marked the end of a long battle. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in the United States, and a surprising note from one mother helped win final passage.
13 Female Pharaohs of Egypt
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the most likely.
Black Women in American History Worth Knowing...
Find biographies about and quotations from some of the most notable black women in American history.
Top 100 Women in History (According to Web...
A list of the top 100 women of history on the web, arranged in sequence of their popularity.
How Boudicca Led a Celtic Revolt Against Roman...
Boudicca was a British Celtic warrior queen who led a revolt against Roman occupation.
Top 10 Women in Mathematics History: Who Were...
Women can do math -- as attested to by these top women mathematicians born before the 20th century's start. Find their life stories and their achievements here.
Elizabeth Blackwell: First Woman Physician
Elizabeth Blackwell is known as the first woman physician in America. Learn about her life journey to that goal, and what she did after she graduated from medical school as a medical pioneer.
Mary Wollstonecraft, Mother of Feminism and...
Overview of the legacy, life, and work of England's early feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
The Personal Is Political: Where Did the...
Which early feminists said that the personal is political and what did they mean by this phrase?
Dowager Empress, Dowager Queen: What Does...
An explanation of the title Dowager often used in conjunction with royalty and the peerage, as in Dowager Queen or Dowager Empress.
Calamity Jane
A profile of Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Cannary Burke), notable figure from American western history.
Biographies of Women in History: A to Z
Find biographies of notable women: An index to women's biographies on this site: an ever-expanding list of biographies of notable women, including those who are famous and those who should be more well known.
Learn about Theodora, the Byzantine Empress Who...
Biography of the Empress Theodora: about the Byzantine ruler Theodora, a powerful woman whose story is told primarily by Procopius.
Glass Ceiling: Invisible Barrier to Success
Description of the glass ceiling: what is it? And why can't women shatter it?
Queen Elizabeth I: What Were Some Key...
Elizabeth I ruled England 1558 to 1603, and the Elizabethan Age was named for her.
Susan B. Anthony, Key Women's Suffrage...
Find out more about the life and women's rights organizing of Susan B. Anthony, one of the most important leaders in the long women's suffrage campaign to win the vote for women.
Marilyn Monroe Quotes About Life, Acting,...
Find the best Marilyn Monroe quotes, on acting, her life, marriage, men, and more. You'll find familiar and unfamiliar quotes here, and learn more about this tragic movie star through her words.
Which Tudor Queen Are You? A Women's History Quiz
Which queen in Tudor history are you most like? Take the quiz and find out!
Is 'The King and I' a True Story?
Anna Leonowens and her six years at the Court of Siam: her story has captured the imagination of generations of Americans.
Now We Can Begin
Crystal Eastman, socialist feminist, writes in 1920 about the tasks that remain after the vote was won.
What Are Women's Rights? Past and Present
What rights have been included in the umbrella of women's rights, at different periods of history? What are the basic categories of women's rights and some examples of what has been advocated for in each category?
What is Transcendentalism?
What is Transcendentalism? A basic guide for the confused. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller and others of the American Romantic movement of the 19th century.
Elizabeth Woodville: Edward IV's Controversial...
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England, wielded considerable influence and power. But some of the stories told about her may be pure propaganda.
1960s Feminism: 8 Examples of Activities of the...
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.
Women's Liberation Movement - A History of the...
What was the women's liberation movement? Who was involved, and how did they work for women's equality and freedom from oppression?
Mary Parker Follett, Management Pioneer and...
A look at the life and work of this early 20th century original thinker and author on industrial management theory.
Anne Bradstreet's Poetry: Religion, Women and...
Anne Bradstreet's poetry dealt with typical Puritan religious and spiritual themes, but also defended women's Reason and addressed the immortality of writing itself.
Artemisia - Warrior Queen at the Battle of...
In the 5th century B.C.E., Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, helped Xerxes against the Greeks, then helped talk Xerxes out of pursuing his conquest of Greece.
Lorraine Hansberry Facts and Biography: Wrote...
Lorraine Hansberry is best known for her play, A Raisin in the Sun, with universal, black, and feminist themes.
Isabella d'Este - Renaissance Arts Patron
Isabella d'Este biography - a profile of Isabella d'Este, part of the Italian Renaissance nobility and arts world.
The Inspiring Story of Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth biography: read about this former slave, abolitionist, preacher and advocate of women's rights.
What Is Feminist Literary Criticism?
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.
A History of Women in Aviation
Flying women: timeline of women pilots and other women in the air - chronology of female record holders.
A Brief History of the Abortion Controversy in...
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
The Yellow Wallpaper - Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Yellow Wallpaper, a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Presented here in its entirety, with links to relevant related material.
How Cleopatra Ruled Egypt and Captivated 2...
A biography of Cleopatra, Pharaoh of Egypt, whose liaisons with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony helped lead to their downfalls.
Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration...
Eleanor Roosevelt played a key role in the development of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Here are some of her own words about that history.
What Is the Equal Rights Amendment and What...
This history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) explains the origins and outcome of the Equal Rights Amendment struggle.
Who Were the Victims in the Salem Witch Craze?
There were many victims of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Twenty-four people died. Here's the list with information about each of them.
Martha Carrier - Salem Witch Trials
Biography of Martha Carrier, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
How Many of These 12 Ancient Women Rulers Do...
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?
Royal Family Tree: How Queen Elizabeth II Is...
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen Victoria? The answer, plus the details of how that answer is derived.
What Were the Goals of 1960s/1970s Feminism?
What were the goals of the feminist movement? Learn more about the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s and what they wanted to achieve.
Did Olympe de Gouges Spark Women’s Rights...
Olympe de Gouges, playwright and author of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen.
Reading the Works of Phillis Wheatley, Slave...
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.
Learn About Catherine Howard, 5th Wife of Henry...
Biography of Catherine Howard, Queen consort and fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. She was beheaded for adultery and hiding her previous sexual history.
Harriet Tubman's Hard Years as a Slave...
Harriet Tubman's early life as a slave, her first marriage to a free black man, and her escape to the North and freedom.
The 100 Most Important Women in History,...
Which women in history had the biggest impact on the world? Here's a suggested list, and room for you to add your own favorite.
What Rights Did Mary Wollstonecraft Advocate...
Mary Wollstonecraft: the argument she makes in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Part of a series of articles on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.
21 Quotes About Anti-Feminism
Opposition to feminism is nothing new, nor is it something merely of the past. Here are some quotable anti-feminist quotes from those who've opposed feminism or were lukewarm about it.
Anne Neville, Wife of the Infamous Richard III:...
Read about Anne Neville, queen consort of Richard III, who first married into the Lancaster and then the York branch of the royal family, putting her into the middle of the War of the Roses.
Female Spies in World War I and World War II
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.
Tituba - Accused and Accuser: Salem Witch Trials
Tituba biography: a profile of the Indian slave in Salem Village who was at the center of the Salem Witch Trials.
Beauty Pageants: the Feminist Critique
What's wrong with beauty pageants? Why did feminists of the 1960s protest Miss America? A list of 10 women's liberation objections to the Miss America pageant.
International Woman Suffrage: A Timeline of...
Dates that various countries gave the vote to women.
Facts About Hatshepsut, Woman Pharaoh
A biography of Queen Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt, who took on male symbols of kingship. What was her claim to rulership? Was she a successful ruler of Egypt?
Hypatia of Alexandria: Philosopher, Astronomer,...
Hypatia, a mathematician, was an important pagan philosopher. Hypatia of Alexandria was a popular teacher in the Roman empire, and came under attack by the Christian Church.
Sarah Good
Biography of Sarah Good, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
All the Women Rulers of England and Great Britain
England's rulers have more often been men than women, because primogeniture -- inheritance by the oldest son -- was the practice and law for inheriting titles. Meet the women who've held the title of queen, or tried to claim it, in their own right, rather than as queen consort.
Marie Curie: Learn About the Mother of Modern...
Learn more about Marie Curie here, including some surprising facts. Marie Curie was the most famous woman scientist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She played a key role in the discovery of radioactivity and its properties, and won two Nobel prizes for her work.
Anne Hutchinson, Religious Dissident of...
Anne Hutchinson challenged church authority and was banished from Massachusetts, in the colonial period of American history.
Pocahontas Saves Captain John Smith - Fact or...
It's one of the best-known stories in American history: Indian princess throws herself on captive John Smith to save him from her father's order of execution. But is the story true?
Tudor Dynasty: What Role Did Women Play?
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
How Jane Addams Defined the Social Work...
Jane Addams biography: a biography of Jane Addams, whose settlement house work at Hull-House was an important part of the history of the social work profession.
What You Need to Know About Women's Suffrage
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.
How the Feminist Movement Changed the Art World
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Learn More About a...
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a key leader in the 19th century women's rights movement, even with time spent at home raising her family. Later, her more radical views sent her to the margins. Learn more about Stanton and her contributions to women's suffrage, especially working with Susan B. Anthony.
Here's What You Need to Know About Princess Diana
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first British citizen to marry a British heir in 300 years. Her seemingly-fairy-tale marriage to Prince Charles ended in scandal and divorce.
Bridget Bishop: First Person Executed in the...
Bridget Bishop biography - a profile of Bridget Bishop, accused of witchcraft during the 1692 Salem witch trials.
Queen Victoria - What You Need to Know
Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901, gave her name to an age.
Fast Facts: Who Was Harriet Tubman?
Facts about Harriet Tubman, a slave who escaped to freedom and then helped more than 300 other slaves escape. She was an abolitionist and proponent of civil rights in addition to being a Civil War soldier and spy.
Battle Hymn of the Republic - History and First...
First published version of the text of the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Rebecca Nurse
Biography of Rebecca Nurse, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Josephine Baker Facts and Biography: Influentia...
Biography of Josephine Baker, jazz singer and Harlem Renaissance figure. Find out how she faced discrimination and accusations and made a successful career in entertainment.
Learn About Alice Paul, One of the Key...
Alice Paul biography, with links and picture. Alice Paul was one of the leading figures in the passage of the 19th Amendment for women's suffrage.
What Is the Meaning of Oppression of Women?
Feminists struggle against oppression of women. What is oppression, and what makes a society oppressive?
1692 Salem Witch Trials: What Happened When?...
What happened in Salem in 1692? This detailed timeline includes what happened before, during and after the Salem Witch trials, and will help you figure out the causes and effects of the trials.
Ten Important Feminist Beliefs
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.
Socialist Feminism - Women's History Definition
What is socialist feminism? Socialist feminism was a branch of feminism that gained popularity in the women's movement during the 1960s and 1970s.
Radical Activist Angela Davis: Here's What You...
Angela Davis biography: philosopher, activist and teacher, Angela Davis was once on the FBI's most wanted list, and once ran for U.S. Vice President. Learn more about this African American radical whose ideas helped shape history.
Learn about Alice Walker, Pulitzer Prize Winner...
Alice Walker, novelist and the author of The Color Purple, was the child of sharecroppers. How she achieved her success is a fascinating story, and how she's applied her celebrity is as well.
Princess Diana Wedding Pictures
Photographs from the wedding of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Prince Charles.
Mary White Rowlandson
Mary White Rowlandson was captured by Indians in Massachusetts near the end of King Philip's War, and her autobiography became a best-seller.
44 Women Who Have Run for President
What woman ran for US president first? And which women have run since? Find a list of the female candidates for US president here.
What Happened for Women'€™s Rights...
This 1960s feminism timeline explores feminist history. Learn about key women's rights events with this 1960s feminism timeline.
Quotes by Women
Quotes by women: an alphabetical index to hundreds of pages of quotes by famous women and some who aren't so famous.
Norma McCorvey: Learn About Jane Roe of Roe v....
Norma McCorvey was Roe in the famous Roe v. Wade case, noted for converting from a pro-choice to an anti-abortion point of view.
Rosalind Franklin: Discovered the Structure of...
Rosalind Franklin was part of the discovery of the structure of DNA, though she died early and did not share in the Nobel Prize for that discovery.
Sybil Ludington
A profile of Sybil Ludington highlighting her heroic 1777 ride to raise militia troops to stop the British advance.
Women's Place, Men's Place: How the Idea of...
An overview of the ideology of separate spheres which attempted to define the proper role or place or sphere for women and for men.
Learn About Phillis Wheatley, the Slave Poet of...
Phillis Wheatley, an African brought to America as a slave, became a published poet at the age of 18. Read a biography of Phillis Wheatley and some assessments of her literary contribution.
Roe v. Wade Supreme Court Decision - 1973
Roe v Wade text: the complete text of the 1973 Supreme Court Decision on abortion rights, including the preface, conclusions, and concurring and dissenting opinions.
Mary I of England: Did She Deserve the Title...
The story of Queen Mary I of England, known as Bloody Mary, who was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, his first wife.
Key Writers About Feminist Theory
Feminism is about equality of the sexes, and activism to achieve such equality for women. Not all feminist theorists have agreed about how to achieve that.
Why Was the Fourteenth Amendment So Important...
A history of the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution, as it has been applied to women's rights.
Was Sally Hemings the Mistress of Thomas...
Sally Hemings, a slave, and her relationship with her master, Thomas Jefferson.
Lucrezia Borgia - a Pope's Controversial Daughter
Who was Lucrezia Borgia, really? What are the facts of her life, rather than the embellishments of enemies of her family and later writers? Find out in this biography of the illegitimate daughter of Pope Alexander VI.
Zenobia - Warrior Queen of Palmyra
Zenobia was queen of Palmyra, in Syria. She conquered Egypt and challenged Rome, though was eventually defeated.
Indian Captivity Narratives
What was politically correct in another time was different: in these stories of women captured by Indians, we can discover quite a bit about what the culture thought about women and Native Americans in colonial times and the 19th century.
Learn about Catherine the Great, Russia's...
Catherine the Great of Russia: this biography of Catherine the Great highlights important contributions she made to history, with links to more information.
Who Was the Queen of Sheba?
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned in the biblical story of Solomon. Was she a real historical figure? What was her name and where did she come from?
Remember the Ladies: About Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams was far more than just a president's wife. She managed the family business while he worked for America's freedom. Her letters advocated women's rights. Her thoughts influenced her husband, John Adams.
Joan Baez: Her Life, Singing Career and Activism
Joan Baez, folk musician and activist, came to prominence in the 1960s folk music revival and the peace and civil rights movements of that decade. Learn more from her biography, with a book list and discography.
Woman Suffrage Timeline: How Did Events Unfold?
A time line of events in the history of women's suffrage in America.
What Is the Feminine Mystique?
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Marie Antoinette: French Queen Executed in the...
Daughter of the Austrian royal family, Marie Antoinette was Queen of France 1774-1793, deposed and executed by the French Revolution.
First Ladies Picture Gallery
A gallery of pictures of America's first ladies, wives of the presidents.
27 Super-Inspiring Quotes from Susan B. Anthony
Quotations by Susan B. Anthony, one of the best-known workers for women's right to vote in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Eleanor of Aquitaine: Powerful Ruler in...
Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England through her two marriages and ruler of her own territories by right of birth, was one of the most powerful women of the world in the twelfth century. This profile highlights her key contributions.
What Roles Did Women Take for Work in Early...
Before the Industrial Revolution, women worked at home and in many trades. The textile mills hired women and children, because they would work for lower pay than men would.
How Bessie Coleman Became the 1st African-Ameri...
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.
Elizabeth Parris (Betty Parris)
Biography of Elizabeth Parris, also called Betty Parris, one of the accusers in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Twelve Medieval Women of Power and Influence
Impressive women of medieval Europe: rulers, artists, writers, saints, they all were important in their day, though some have been nearly forgotten since.
Martha Corey (Hanged as a Witch in Salem, 1692)
Biography of Martha Corey, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Florence Kelley: Labor and Consumer Advocate
Florence Kelley profile: social worker, lawyer, social reform advocate, and head of the National Consumers League.
Lizzie Borden: The True Story of 19th Century...
Learn more about Lizzie Borden, accused (and acquitted) murderer of her father and stepmother. Did she really kill them with an axe?
Profile of Catherine Parr, Sixth Wife of Henry...
A profile of Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII of England.
How Did the Female Pharaoh Hatshepsut Actually...
Was she killed by her stepson, her nephew and heir? Or did she die of natural causes? If so, of what? What do we know about Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut's cause of death?
How ‘The Feminine Mystique’ Sparked...
Description of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan and the impact of the book. How Betty Friedan explored women's unhappiness in The Feminine Mystique and inspired the Women's Liberation Movement.
Coco Chanel Quotes: On Fashion, Women, Life and...
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10 Women's Suffrage Activists Everyone Should...
Who were the top 10 women who worked for women's suffrage -- the right to vote and hold office? This list includes the women's suffrage activists everyone should know.
The Beginning? Seneca Falls Women’s...
Seneca Falls 1848 saw the first meeting of women and a few men to call for rights for women. The Seneca Falls meeting is often seen as the kick-off of the women's rights movement -- the first wave of feminism.
What Did Elizabeth of York Do for Women’s...
A biography of Elizabeth of York, Queen of England, whose marriage to Henry VII signaled the end of the Wars of the Roses and the beginning of the Tudor dynasty.
The 46 Female Heads of State of the 20th Century
Global women political leaders: female prime ministers and presidents.
Did 1960s Feminists Burn Their Bras at Protests?
Feminists in the 1960s burned their bras - we all know that - even if it Just Ain't So.
About Emmy Noether
Information on Emmy Noether - her life and work.: german mathematical society emily noether circolo matematico david hilbert college preparatory school
Facts About Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer
Margaret Bourke-White biography: profile of Margaret Bourke-White, war correspondent and career photographer whose images represent major events in the 20th century.
What is Clara Barton Famous For?
Clara Barton biography: profile of Clara Barton, including her famed Civil War service organizing nursing services and supplies, and her work to found the American Red Cross.
Zora Neale Hurston Biography: Author of "Their...
Biography of Zora Neale Hurston, an author and anthropologist who was part of the Harlem Renaissance and was rediscovered by Alice Walker.
1970s Feminism Timeline
This 1970s feminism timeline describes important women's rights events. Read about feminist history in this 1970s feminism timeline.
Sonia Sotomayor Biography
Read about Sonia Sotomayor, first Hispanic justice to serve on the United States Supreme Court.
Abortion in the Ancient and Premodern World
The practice of menstrual regulation or abortion is ancient. Traditional methods have been handed down for hundreds of generations and herbal and other methods have roots in the distant past.
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