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Women's History: Most Popular Articles

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Queen Victoria's Fertile Family Tree
A list of the children and grandchildren of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, showing their intermarriages with other royal houses of Europe.
Queen Isabella: More Than Just a Patron of...
Biography of Queen Isabella of Spain, ruler of Castile and Aragon with her husband Ferdinand. Her contributions to world history are far more than just financing the expedition of Columbus.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip: How Are...
How are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip related? Besides being married, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip share ancestry.
Royal Family Tree: How Queen Elizabeth II Is...
How is Queen Elizabeth II related to Queen Victoria? The answer, plus the details of how that answer is derived.
Roe v. Wade Facts: What You Need to Know about...
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, legalizing abortions under most conditions throughout the United States, has shaped debate about abortion in America ever since. Find out the basic facts about the decision and what it really says.
What Does Feminism Include?
What is feminism? Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action.
44 Women Who Have Run for President
What woman ran for US president first? And which women have run since? Find a list of the female candidates for US president here.
What Were the Goals of 1960s/1970s Feminism?
What were the goals of the feminist movement? Learn more about the feminists of the 1960s and 1970s and what they wanted to achieve.
What Is Radical Feminism?
A definition and description of radical feminism from the perspective of women's history.
Bessie Smith Photographs by Carl Van Vechten:...
Photograph of Bessie Smith, blues singer, picture 6 of a set by Carl Van Vechten.
What Is a Patriarchal Society and How Does It...
Definition of patriarchal society. What do feminists mean when they refer to a patriarchal society?
1960s Feminism: 8 Examples of Activities of the...
What did 1960s feminists do? A look at some of the actions of the 1960s feminist movement.
Zenobia - Warrior Queen of Palmyra
Zenobia was queen of Palmyra, in Syria. She conquered Egypt and challenged Rome, though was eventually defeated.
13 Female Pharaohs of Egypt
The rulers of ancient Egypt, Pharaohs, were almost all men. The evidence for a few women Pharaohs is sketchy at best. Here is a list of the most likely.
80+ Famous Female Scientists: Which Ones Can...
Famous women scientists through the ages - how many do you know? Many linked to individual profiles to find out more about these women in the sciences, including medicine and mathematics.
Women's Liberation Movement - A History of the...
What was the women's liberation movement? Who was involved, and how did they work for women's equality and freedom from oppression?
Elizabeth Blackwell: First Woman Physician
Elizabeth Blackwell is known as the first woman physician in America. Learn about her life journey to that goal, and what she did after she graduated from medical school as a medical pioneer.
What Happened for Women'€™s Rights...
This 1960s feminism timeline explores feminist history. Learn about key women's rights events with this 1960s feminism timeline.
Women and World War II
Women and World War II: how women's lives changed during World War II.
What Is the Feminine Mystique?
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What Is Liberal Feminism?
The definition of liberal feminism, with examples and information about its supporters and critics.
What Are Women's Rights? Past and Present
What rights have been included in the umbrella of women's rights, at different periods of history? What are the basic categories of women's rights and some examples of what has been advocated for in each category?
What Is the Equal Rights Amendment and What...
This history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) explains the origins and outcome of the Equal Rights Amendment struggle.
Who Really Was Mary Sibley of Salem?
Who was the real Mary Sibley of Salem? Was she an innocent neighbor trying to help out, or a diabolical figure? Read about what is known of the real Mary Sibley.
"Now We Can Begin": What's Next?: Beyond Woman...
Crystal Eastman's 1920 essay called for women to see winning the vote as the beginning of their efforts for women's rights, not the end of the work. The essay is included along with some discussion questions and additional resources.
70+ Black Women in American History Worth...
Find biographies about and quotations from some of the most notable black women in American history.
How ‘The Feminine Mystique’ Sparked...
Description of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan and the impact of the book. How Betty Friedan explored women's unhappiness in The Feminine Mystique and inspired the Women's Liberation Movement.
Did Betsy Ross Really Make the First American...
Betsy Ross biography: She made the first American flag -- or did she? Even if she didn't, her life and accomplishments are interesting. Why did the legend of the flag-making become popular so quickly?
The Rule of Thumb and the Legality of...
That a man was permitted to beat his wife with a switch no thicker than his thumb was a fact, though it was probably not a formal law anywhere nor stated in common law in just that form -- and was almost certainly not the origin of the phrase rule of thumb.
Queen Elizabeth I: What Were Some Key...
Elizabeth I ruled England 1558 to 1603, and the Elizabethan Age was named for her.
Male Chauvinist Pig (MCP): Where Does That...
A glossary entry for male chauvinist pig.
Was Cleopatra Black? Evidence For and Against
Was Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt) a black African queen? Here's a summary of the evidence for and against.
Susan B. Anthony, Key Women's Suffrage...
Find out more about the life and women's rights organizing of Susan B. Anthony, one of the most important leaders in the long women's suffrage campaign to win the vote for women.
Coco Chanel, Fashion Designer and Executive
Coco Chanel brought us the little black dress, the Chanel suit and jacket, bell bottoms and Chanel No. 5 perfume. What brought her to fame and fortune?
Which Tudor Queen Are You? A Women's History Quiz
Which queen in Tudor history are you most like? Take the quiz and find out!
Margaret Sanger Quotes - Controversial...
Quotes by Margaret Sanger - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
National Organization for Women - NOW
A profile of the National Organization for Women, founded in 1966 to work for women's equality.
Top 11 Women in Mathematics History: Who Were...
Top women in math history: find out more about the key women who managed to break into the male-dominated field of mathematics, when that was still rare.
The Dagenham Women’s Strike of 1968
The Dagenham women's strike of 1968 drew attention to the issue of equal pay in the U.K. Learn what prompted the Dagenham women's strike and read about their struggle for equality at the Ford Motor plant.
Women's Suffrage Quiz
A few trivia questions on the American women's suffrage movement.
Mary Wollstonecraft, Mother of Feminism and...
Overview of the legacy, life, and work of England's early feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
A Brief History of the Abortion Controversy in...
A history of how the abortion controversy has evolved in the United States. When did abortion first become illegal? What was the effect of Roe v. Wade?
Biographies of Women in History: A to Z
Find biographies of notable women: An index to women's biographies on this site: an ever-expanding list of biographies of notable women, including those who are famous and those who should be more well known.
What Is Feminist Literary Criticism?
Definition of feminist literary criticism and how it challenges male assumptions.
Significant Feminist Protests
List of significant feminist protests in the 1960s and 1970s. Read about Women's Liberation Movement activism that has affected U.S. law and the lives of women today.
Glass Ceiling: An Invisible Barrier to Success
Defining the term glass ceiling, especially in relation to women's history and women's rights
The Personal Is Political: Where Did the...
Which early feminists said that the personal is political and what did they mean by this phrase?
Bessie Smith's Death
Photograph of Bessie Smith, blues singer, picture 8 of a set by Carl Van Vechten.
1970s Feminism Timeline
This 1970s feminism timeline describes important women's rights events. Read about feminist history in this 1970s feminism timeline.
What is Transcendentalism?
What is Transcendentalism? A basic guide for the confused. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller and others of the American Romantic movement of the 19th century.
Lorraine Hansberry, Playwright: Wrote "Raisin...
Lorraine Hansberry is best known for her play, A Raisin in the Sun, with universal, black, and feminist themes. Read more about her life and her work.
Women's Suffrage Victory: What Won the Final...
August 26, 1920, marked the end of a long battle. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in the United States, and a surprising note from one mother helped win final passage.
Top 100 Women in History (According to Web...
A list of the top 100 women of history on the web, arranged in sequence of their popularity.
Elizabeth Woodville: Edward IV's Controversial...
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England, wielded considerable influence and power. But some of the stories told about her may be pure propaganda.
Judy Brady's Legendary Feminist Satire: I Want...
One of the best remembered pieces from the premiere issue of Ms. magazine is “I Want a Wife.”
Here's What You Need to Know About Princess Diana
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first British citizen to marry a British heir in 300 years. Her seemingly-fairy-tale marriage to Prince Charles ended in scandal and divorce.
12 Powerful Women Rulers Everyone Should Know
Every person who wants to be literate in history should know about these powerful women rulers -- queens, pharaohs, empresses.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Learn More About a...
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a key leader in the 19th century women's rights movement, even with time spent at home raising her family. Later, her more radical views sent her to the margins. Learn more about Stanton and her contributions to women's suffrage, especially working with Susan B. Anthony.
Amelia Earhart's Life Year by Year: Birth to...
Amelia Earhart timeline - a chronology of events in the life and career of Amelia Earhart.
The Inspiring Story of Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth biography: read about this former slave, abolitionist, preacher and advocate of women's rights.
13 Surprising Facts About Susan B. Anthony
Did you know that Susan B. Anthony was not at Seneca Falls in 1848? Or that she was at the White House for her 80th birthday? Or that her grandfather fought in the American Revolution? Find out more about these and 10 more facts that may surprise you.
Radical Activist Angela Davis: Here's What You...
Angela Davis biography: philosopher, activist and teacher, Angela Davis was once on the FBI's most wanted list, and once ran for U.S. Vice President. Learn more about this African American radical whose ideas helped shape history.
Who Were Some Famous Women Spies in World War I...
Women spies in World War I and World War II: female undercover work in World War I and World War II is largely unacknowledged.
Isabella d'Este - Renaissance Arts Patron
Isabella d'Este biography - a profile of Isabella d'Este, part of the Italian Renaissance nobility and arts world.
Learn about Theodora, the Byzantine Empress Who...
Biography of the Empress Theodora: about the Byzantine ruler Theodora, a powerful woman whose story is told primarily by Procopius.
Marilyn Monroe Quotes About Life, Acting,...
Find the best Marilyn Monroe quotes, on acting, her life, marriage, men, and more. You'll find familiar and unfamiliar quotes here, and learn more about this tragic movie star through her words.
What 1970s Feminists Did during the Women&rsquo...
What did 1970s feminists do? A look at some significant actions of the 1970s feminist movement.
Fast Facts: Who Was Harriet Tubman?
Facts about Harriet Tubman, a slave who escaped to freedom and then helped more than 300 other slaves escape. She was an abolitionist and proponent of civil rights in addition to being a Civil War soldier and spy.
Women Astronauts
Photographs of women astronauts, women who have flown in space.
Queen Victoria - What You Need to Know
Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901, gave her name to an age.
How Boudicca Led a Celtic Revolt Against Roman...
Boudicca was a British Celtic warrior queen who led a revolt against Roman occupation.
Harriet Tubman's Hard Years as a Slave...
Harriet Tubman's early life as a slave, her first marriage to a free black man, and her escape to the North and freedom.
Eleanor of Aquitaine: Powerful Ruler in...
Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England through her two marriages and ruler of her own territories by right of birth, was one of the most powerful women of the world in the twelfth century. This profile highlights her key contributions.
How Harriet Tubman Worked as Moses, Taking...
Harriet Tubman was not satisfied with her own freedom. She returned to the South many times to free her family members and others, taking them to the North or Canada to freedom. She also spoke for the anti-slavery cause and for women's rights.
Harriet Tubman: Nurse, Scout and Spy in the...
Harriet Tubman served in the Union Army during the Civil War, organizing a scout and spy network, and even organizing, leading and going on raids herself. But she had to support herself by selling baked goods.
Molly Pitcher, Heroine of the American...
Who was Molly Pitcher? That name is closely associated with Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, who took part in the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey, on June 28, 1778. Read more about her life and exploits, and how she's remembered.
Socialist Feminism - Women's History Definition
What is socialist feminism? Socialist feminism was a branch of feminism that gained popularity in the women's movement during the 1960s and 1970s.
Zora Neale Hurston Biography: Author of "Their...
Biography of Zora Neale Hurston, an author and anthropologist who was part of the Harlem Renaissance and was rediscovered by Alice Walker.
Learn about Alice Walker, Pulitzer Prize Winner...
Alice Walker, novelist and the author of The Color Purple, was the child of sharecroppers. How she achieved her success is a fascinating story, and how she's applied her celebrity is as well.
How Cleopatra Ruled Egypt and Captivated 2...
Cleopatra VII was the last Pharaoh of Egypt. Depicted in history as a seductress and manipulator, she allied herself with two powerful Romans, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony, in an attempt to maintain the power of the Ptolemy dynasty over Egypt.
How Many of These 12 Ancient Women Rulers Do...
A list of the dozen most powerful women in the ancient (and classical) world. How many of them do you know?
Stop ERA: Phyllis Schlafly's Campaign Against...
Phyllis Schlafly's Stop ERA campaign fought against the Equal Rights Amendment throughout the 1970s. This overview looks at the anti-ERA philosophy of Stop ERA.
Sophie Germain: She Showed Them Women Can Do Math
Sophie Germain biography - profile of a pioneer in math, mathematical physics, and number theory.
Sojourner Truth
A picture of Sojourner Truth, abolitionist and women's rights advocate.
About Abigail Williams, Key Accuser in the...
Biography of Abigail Williams, figure in the Salem witch trials of 17th century colonial Massachusetts.
Anne Neville, Wife of the Infamous Richard III:...
Read about Anne Neville, queen consort of Richard III, who first married into the Lancaster and then the York branch of the royal family, putting her into the middle of the War of the Roses.
Best All-Time Quotes from Queen Victoria
Quotes by Queen Victoria - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.
Tudor Dynasty: What Role Did Women Play?
Women of the Tudor dynasty included the two fascinating sisters of Henry VIII, Margaret and Mary, themselves ancestors of some interesting women of history. Page 2.
Jane Boleyn, Lady Rochford - Married to Anne...
Jane Boleyn was Anne Boleyn's sister-in-law. Learn more about this woman who implicated her husband and Anne. Later, she was herself implicated in another scandal, this time involving Henry VIII's fifth wife.
Artemisia - Warrior Queen at the Battle of...
In the 5th century B.C.E., Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, helped Xerxes against the Greeks, then helped talk Xerxes out of pursuing his conquest of Greece.
Black History and Women: People and Events You...
Celebrate the women of black history and their contributions and perspectives. Find biographies, timelines, descriptions of major events and more.
Important Events in the Life of Princess Diana
A timeline of major events in the life of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Norma McCorvey: Learn About Jane Roe of Roe v....
Norma McCorvey was Roe in the famous Roe v. Wade case, noted for converting from a pro-choice to an anti-abortion point of view.
Clara Barton Quotes: Wise Words From the Lady...
Quotes by Clara Barton, nursing pioneer and American Red Cross founder. From an extensive collection of quotes by notable women.
Josephine Baker Facts and Biography: Influentia...
Biography of Josephine Baker, jazz singer and Harlem Renaissance figure. Find out how she faced discrimination and accusations and made a successful career in entertainment.
Calamity Jane
A profile of Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Cannary Burke), notable figure from American western history.
Sybil Ludington
A profile of Sybil Ludington highlighting her heroic 1777 ride to raise militia troops to stop the British advance.
International Woman Suffrage: A Timeline of...
Dates that various countries gave the vote to women.
Hypatia of Alexandria: Philosopher, Astronomer,...
Hypatia, a mathematician, was an important pagan philosopher. Hypatia of Alexandria was a popular teacher in the Roman empire, and came under attack by the Christian Church.
How Bessie Coleman Became the 1st African...
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.
Did Olympe de Gouges Spark Women’s Rights...
Olympe de Gouges, playwright and author of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen.
Who Was Hildegard of Bingen?
Hildegard of Bingen biography: a profile of Hildegard of Bingen, medieval visionary writer and composer of music.
Harriet Tubman Picture Gallery
Pictures of Harriet Tubman, underground railroad conductor and advocate of human rights.
What You Need to Know About Women's Suffrage
Women's suffrage - articles, biographies, timelines, original documents, pictures, and more information on the long struggle to win the vote for women.
Miss America Protest
Feminists staged the Miss America Protest at the 1968 Miss America Pageant. Learn how the
Who Was the Queen of Sheba?
The Queen of Sheba is mentioned in the biblical story of Solomon. Was she a real historical figure? What was her name and where did she come from?
Ten Important Feminist Beliefs
What did feminists believe? These ten important feminist beliefs were key ideas of 1960s and 1970s feminism.
Key Writers About Feminist Theory
Feminism is about equality of the sexes, and activism to achieve such equality for women. Not all feminist theorists have agreed about how to achieve that.
The 100 Most Important Women in History: Do You...
Which women in history had the biggest impact on the world? Here's a suggested list, and room for you to add your own favorite.
21 Quotes About Anti-Feminism
Opposition to feminism is nothing new, nor is it something merely of the past. Here are some quotable anti-feminist quotes from those who've opposed feminism or were lukewarm about it.
Princess Diana Wedding Pictures
Photographs from the wedding of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Prince Charles.
Women's Strike for Equality
During the Women's Strike for Equality in 1970, demonstrators marched and protested throughout the U.S. Find out how it was organized and its importance.
Forty Hacks to Make It Into the History Books
Learn more about Lizzie Borden, accused (and acquitted) murderer of her father and stepmother. Did she really kill them with an axe?
40 Inspiring Quotes from Eleanor Roosevelt,...
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Learn About Catherine Howard, 5th Wife of Henry...
Biography of Catherine Howard, Queen consort and fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. She was beheaded for adultery and hiding her previous sexual history.
How the Feminist Movement Changed the Art World
The Feminist Art Movement transformed the art world. Learn about the beginnings of the Feminist Art Movement and the effect feminism has had on art.
What Is the Meaning of Oppression of Women?
Feminists struggle against oppression of women. What is oppression, and what makes a society oppressive?
All the Female Reigning Rulers of England and...
England's rulers have more often been men than women, because primogeniture -- inheritance by the oldest son -- was the practice and law for inheriting titles. Meet the women who've held the title of queen, or tried to claim it, in their own right, rather than as queen consort.
What Is the Problem That Has No Name?
Read about what Betty Friedan identified as the problem that has no name, and the solutions offered in her 1963 bestseller 'The Feminine Mystique.'
Marie Curie: Learn About the Mother of Modern...
Learn more about Marie Curie here, including some surprising facts. Marie Curie was the most famous woman scientist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She played a key role in the discovery of radioactivity and its properties, and won two Nobel prizes for her work.
27 Inspiring Quotes from Susan B. Anthony
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How Did Sofia Kovalevskaya Contribute to...
Sofia Kovalevskaya biography: profile of Sofia Kovalevskaya, 19th century mathematician.
The Beginning? Seneca Falls Women’s...
Seneca Falls 1848 saw the first meeting of women and a few men to call for rights for women. The Seneca Falls meeting is often seen as the kick-off of the women's rights movement -- the first wave of feminism.
A History of Women in Aviation
Flying women: timeline of women pilots and other women in the air - chronology of female record holders.
What Were the Original Words to the Battle Hymn...
Julia Ward Howe wrote the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic. With a few changes, the Battle Hymn of the Republic words were published in the February, 1862, issue of The Atlantic Monthly. Here are those first published Battle Hymn of the Republic words.
Women's Place, Men's Place: How the Idea of...
An overview of the ideology of separate spheres which attempted to define the proper role or place or sphere for women and for men.
African American Women Dreaming in Color: The...
The women of the Harlem Renaissance -- black women writers, artists, poets, journalists, and others in the early 20th century.
12 Empowering Quotes by Rosa Parks, Civil...
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Temperance Movement and Prohibition Timeline
A chronology of major events in the history of temperance and prohibition.
Woman Suffrage Timeline: How Did Events Unfold?
A time line of events in the history of women's suffrage in America.
Why Is the Fourteenth Amendment So Important...
A history of the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution, as it has been applied to women's rights.
Quotes by Women of History: Index A to Z
Quotes by women: an alphabetical index to hundreds of pages of quotes by famous women and some who aren't so famous.
Who Were the Victims in the Salem Witch Craze?
There were many victims of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Twenty-four people died. Here's the list with information about each of them.
Abortion in the Ancient and Premodern World
The practice of menstrual regulation or abortion is ancient. Traditional methods have been handed down for hundreds of generations and herbal and other methods have roots in the distant past.
Ms. Magazine
A profile of Ms. Magazine, one in a series of profiles of historical women's magazines, newspapers, and journals.
Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Activist: A Brief...
A biography of Rosa Parks, famous for her part in igniting the Montgomery bus boycott when she refused to give up her seat on a bus. Included are links to Rosa Parks quotes, a picture of Rosa Parks, and links to more on this site and on the Net.
Mary Lou Retton: Olympic Gold Medalist in...
Mary Lou Retton biography - winner of the 1984 all-around women's gymnastics event at the 1984 Olympics.
Trial and Execution of Mary Surratt - 1865
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.
What Rights Did Mary Wollstonecraft Advocate...
Mary Wollstonecraft: the argument she makes in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Part of a series of articles on Mary Wollstonecraft's life and writings.
Twelve Medieval Women of Power and Influence
Impressive women of medieval Europe: rulers, artists, writers, saints, they all were important in their day, though some have been nearly forgotten since.
How Jane Addams Defined the Social Work...
Jane Addams biography: a biography of Jane Addams, whose settlement house work at Hull-House was an important part of the history of the social work profession. Learn how she changed the face of American culture with her work in the city and for peace.
When Did Women Get the Vote - State by State?
Dates that women in the U.S. got the vote - national, state, and local milestones.
First Lady Quiz 1
A quiz on the American first ladies -- see how much you know!
Mary Parker Follett, Management Pioneer and...
A look at the life and work of this early 20th century original thinker and author on industrial management theory.
First Ladies Picture Gallery
A gallery of pictures of America's first ladies, wives of the presidents.
Mary of Teck Marries George V
King George V and his new bride, Princess Mary of Teck, on their wedding day, July 6, 1893. Page 15.
Women of World War II at Work in Offices and...
One way life changed for many women after World War II was in the workplace. More women went to work, and many worked in jobs previously closed to women.
World War II Homefront: Women at Home
Women's lives changed during World War II. This article summarizes the changes to women's lives on the homefront during the war.
Is 'The King and I' a True Story?
Anna Leonowens and her six years at the Court of Siam: her story has captured the imagination of generations of Americans.
Harriet Tubman - from a Painting
From a painting of Harriet Tubman by African American artist Robert S. Pious. Page 5.

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