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Texas Women's History

Resources on women's history in the state of Texas. Famous women, museums, events in history, etc. If you've got a suggestion for additional listings, please send an email to womenshistory@aboutguide.com
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Bessie Coleman
Bessie Coleman - biography of the pioneer aviator, first black woman to fly a plane or earn a pilot's license.

Lady Bird Johnson
A profile of Lady Bird Johnson, US First Lady 1963-1969, proponent of beautification and Head Start.

Bonnie Parker
Bonnie Parker biography - profile of Bonnie Parker of Bonnie and Clyde fame, bank robber during the Great Depression.

Acheson, Sarah (1844-1899)
Texas activist with the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and the Texas Equal Rights Association, helping form the TERA in 1893.

Belton Woman's Commonwealth
A history of the 19th century Wesleyan women's commune in Texas.

Bowles, Willie Dee (1912-)
Bowles' thesis at the University of Texas at Austin, 1939, was on the "History of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas," the first on that topic.

Bulkley, Myrtle Bales (1899-1990)
In her young days she worked for women's voting rights, became active in the League of Women's Voters, and remained active in volunteer activities. In the 1970s she became active in the renewed women's rights movement.

Chicana Rights Project
HIstory of the organization founded in 1974 to fight for legal rights for poor Mexican-American women. While this article also covers the national organization's history, it focuses on Texas projects.

Davis, Fannie Breedlove (1833-1915)
Biography of a Texas Woman's Missionary Union leader within the Southern Baptist Convention.

Dement, Ada Bell (1888-1945)
Black educator and clubwoman, working with the Texas Association of Colored Women's Club and the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. She was among the activists who helped to preserve the Frederick Douglass home in Washington, D.C.

Folsom, Mariana Thompson (1845-1910)
Universalist minister and activist, bornin Pennsylvania, lived in Iowa, studied in New York, and active in the Natoinal American Woman Suffrage Association and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She helped establish the Texas Equal Rights Association.

Hobby, Oveta Culp: Biography
Portrait and biography of Oveta Culp Hobby, first commanding officer of the Women's Army Corps, first secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and chairman of the board of the Houston Post.

Kirby, Helen Marr Swearingen
First dean of women at the University of Texas, she lived 1837-1921.

Lease, Mary Elizabeth Clyens (1853-1933)
Lease was an orator for the Women's Christian Temperance Union, the Union Labor party and the Farmers' Alliance or Populist party. She spoke against big business. She was also admitted to the Kansas bar in 1885. She ran for the Senate and was vice president of the World Peace Congress, and eventually moved to New York where she wrote for the New York World. She lived in Texas from 1874 to 1883.

Mahoney, Nona Boren (1868-1926)
Suffragist and clubwoman, she was a key activist in the ratification campaign, 1919.

Mexican-American Women - Texas
A history of Mexican-American women, particularly in the area that's now the state of Texas.

National Woman's Party
An article on the split from the National American Women's Suffrage Association, led by Alice Paul, emphasizing the history of the Texas branch which was founded in 1916.

National Women's Football League
Emphasis is on the Texas teams that were part of the 1960s-1970s women's football league.

Peck, Margaret
Educator at the University of Texas.

Potter, Fannie Cora Bellows
Writer and clubwoman, most active in the first half of the 20th century.

Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching
An organization founded in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1930, and existing until its leaders believed its goals had been accomplished, in 1942.

Taylor, Rhobia Carolyn (1908-1990)
An advocate of working women's rights, born in Texas. She worked with the Women's Bureau of the U. S. Department of Labor, and was active in the nursing profession.

Texas Assn of Women's Clubs
A history of the organization founded by M. E. Y. Moore in 1905, originally as the Texas Association of Colored Women's Clubs. Includes some information on the National Association and its decision in 1982 to drop the word "colored" from the name of the organizations.

Texas Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage
Part of the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage, founded in 1911, the Texas branch was established in 1916 to work against woman suffrage. This history recounts the history of the organization's strategy in raising concerns that the amendment would enfranchise many more black voters.

Texas Equal Rights Amendment
The story of the Texas ERA, from the first efforts in 1957, through ratification in 1972, and including progress on equal rights after ratification.

Texas Equal Suffrage Association
A history of the TESA, including the varying goals of the proponents, the barring of black suffragists in 1918, the success in ratifying the 19th Amendment, and the conversion of the organization into the League of Women Voters of Texas.

Texas Women Homesteaders
From 1845, when Texas became a state, women were among the settlers, either as individuals or with their families. This article outlines the history of homestead land claims by women.

Votes for Women: The Women's Suffrage Movement in Texas
The Texas State Library and Archives Commission has assembled a story of the women's suffrage movement from 1848 through the "aftermath." Includes suggested readings.

Ward, Hortense Sparks
Biography of the first woman admitted to the bar in Texas.

Woman Suffrage - Texas
A history of suffrage activism in Texas from 1868 through the ratification campaign of 1919. Texas was one of three states of the eleven in the former Confederacy that ratified the Nineteenth Amendment before it became law in 1920.

Woman's Club of San Antonio
In the late 19th and early 20th century, the Woman's Club movement provided outlets for cooperation, service, education and philanthropy. This article looks at the founding of a Texas Woman's Club in 1898.

Women and Literature: Texas
A history of literature in Texas, highlighting the contributions of women both in culture and as writers.

Women and Politics
From the Handbook of Texas Online, an outline of Texas women's history and the accomplishments of women in politics in Texas.

Women's Airforce Service Pilots
A history of this unit in which many women served during World War II, with some emphasis on Texas connections.

Women's Basketball League
A history of the Texas teams in the short-lived Women's Basketball League.

The Women's Museum
Keeping up-to-date on the new museum's progress, plus present online exhibitions.

Women's Professional Rodeo Association
Founded in 1948 in Texas as the Girls Rodeo Association, this group "is the oldest organization of female professional athletes in America and the only one controlled and managed entirely by women."

Wooten, Mattie Lloyd Irvin
Texas educator whose sociological and social history work often focused on women, from pioneer women through contemporary studies.

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