1. Education

Unitarian and Universalist Women in History

The Unitarians and Universalists were religious denominations that accepted the ordination of women earlier than most Protestant denominations did, and many early woman suffrage and women's rights leaders came out of one of these denominations.
  1. Transcendentalist Women

Mary Livermore

Notable Women with Liberal Religious Connections
Chronological list of women connected with Unitarianism, Universalism and Ethical Culture: no bios here, but links to web pages with more info.

Unitarian Universalist Women - Annotated Bibliography
Researching Unitarian or Universalist women's history? I first put this list together in 1989, and have updated it somewhat since then.

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams was an early Unitarian, though that was at a time more of a theological position than a membership issue, since the Unitarians did not organize as such until 1825.

Susan B. Anthony
She was a long-time member of a Unitarian Church, though she maintained her religious identity as a Quaker. She did not find the Quakers near her to be sufficiently opposed to slavery.

Antoinette Brown Blackwell
Antoinette Brown Blackwell biography - a profile of Antoinette Brown Blackwell, pioneer woman minister.

Antoinette Brown Blackwell Quotes
Quotes by Antoinette Brown Blackwell - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.

Olympia Brown
Minister and woman suffrage activist, Olympia Brown was considered the first woman ordained to the Universalist ministry in the US and the first US woman ordained with full congregational authority, though recent evidence suggests that Lydia Jenkins may hold this record.

Julia Ward Howe: Beyond the Battle Hymn of the Republic

Lydia Jenkins
She was probably the first woman ordained to the Universalist ministry with full denominational authority.

Harriet Martineau
A British Unitarian, Harriet Martineau was known for her writing on economics and for her book on observations upon visiting the United States in 1837.

The Peabody Sisters
One married Nathanel Hawthorne and was herself a writer; another married Horace Mann and was herself known as an educator; the third sister never married and her bookstore was the location of many Transcendentalist meetings -- and she too became known as an educator. The Peabody sisters were talented women who took different paths in life.

Anna Garlin Spencer Quotes
Quotes by Anna Garlin Spencer - part of an extensive collection of quotations by notable women.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
This key activist for woman suffrage was for many years a member of a Unitarian congregation.

Lucy Stone: A Soul as Free as the Air
A biography of Lucy Stone, a woman suffrage leader and women's rights advocate who's also known as the first American woman to keep her last name after marriage.

Sarah Helen Power Whitman
Poet Sarah Power Whitman became involved in many of the causes of the New England activists: progressive education, woman's rights, universal manhood suffrage, Fourierism, Unitarianism. She was, for a time, engaged to Edgar Allen Poe but called off the marriage.

Mary Wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft has been called the "first feminist" or "mother of feminism." Her book-length essay on women's rights, and especially on women's education, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman," is a classic of feminist thought, and a must-read for anyone who wants to understand the history of feminism.

The Essential Oneness of Ethical Ideas
Ida Hultin, who served Unitarian churches in Iowa, Illinois, and Massachusetts, presented this talk at the 1893 Parliament of the World's Religions at the Chicago World's Fair.

The Progress of Fifty Years
Originally presented as a speech to the Congress of Women held in the Woman's Building at the World's Columbian Exposition (World's Fair), Chicago, 1893, this was Lucy Stone's last public speech, and she died a few months later at age 75.

What is Religion?
Julia Ward Howe spoke at the Parliament of the World's Religions at the 1893 Columbian Exposition, Chicago World's Fair. Her topic, "What is Religion?" outlined Howe's understanding of general religion and what religions have to teach each other.

Clara Collet Net
Clara Collet was a 19th and 20th century London woman who helped document labor conditions in London.

Hannah Adams
Hannah Adams, who wrote about the world's religions in the 1780s and 90s with surprising objectivity, also wrote in 1804 about the Christian Religion from the perspective of her own association with Unitarian Christianity.

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