Anne Stuart1665 - 1714
She succeeded her brother-in-law, William of Orange, as ruler of Scotland and England, and was Queen at the creation of Great Britain with the Act of Union in 1707. She was married to George of Denmark, but though she was pregnant 18 times, only one child survived past infancy, and he died at age 12. Because she had no offspring to inherit the throne, her successor was George I, son of her cousin, Sophia, Electress of Hanover.
Catherine I1684 - 1727
Married to Peter the Great of Russia, she ruled with her husband until his death, when she ruled as a figurehead for two years until her own death.
Empress of Russia, 1762 - 1796, perhaps responsible for her husband's death, Catherine the Great was known for her autocratic rule but also for promoting education and the Enlightenment among the elite, and for her many lovers.
Elisabeth of Russia1709 - 1762
Daughter of Peter the Great, she staged a military coup and became Empress Regnant in 1741. She opposed Germany, built grand palaces, and was seen as a beloved ruler.
Isabella Farnese1692 - 1766
Queen consort and second wife of Spain's Philip V, she virtually ruled while he was alive. She briefly served as regent between the death of her stepson, Ferdinand VI, and the succession of his brother, Charles III.
Maria Anna of Austria1683 - 1754
Daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, she married John V of Portugal. When he suffered a stroke, she ruled for him for eight years until his death and succession by their son, Joseph I. She was sister of Emperors Joseph I and Charles VI and of Maria Elisabeth of Austria, governor of the Netherlands.
Maria Elisabeth of Austria1680 - 1741
She was the daughter of Hapsburg Emperor Leopold I, and was appointed governor of the Netherlands. She never married. She's known for her cultural and artistic patronage. She was sister of Emperors Joseph I and Charles VI and of Maria Anna, Queen of Portugal, who ruled as regent of Portugal after her husband's stroke.
Maria Theresa1717 - 1780
For forty years she ruled a substantial part of Europe, bearing 16 children, reforming and centralizing the government, and strengthening the army.
Queen Consort in France, 1774-1793, Marie Antoinette will forever be connected with the French Revolution. Daughter of the great Austrian empress, Maria Theresa, Marie Antoinette was not trusted by French subjects for her foreign ancestry, extravagant spending, and influence on her husband Louis XVI.
Second wife of James II of Great Britain, her Roman Catholicism was not acceptable to the Whigs, who saw that James II was deposed and replaced by Mary II, his daughter by his first wife.
Sophia von Hanover1630 - 1714
Electress of Hanover, married to Friedrich V, she was the nearest Protestant successor to the British throne and thus Heir Presumptive. She died before her cousin Queen Anne did.
Ulrika Eleanora the Younger1688 - 1741
Daughter of Ulrika Eleanora the Older and Karl XII, she reigned as queen after succeeding her brother Karl in 1682, until her husband became king; she served as a regent for her husband as well.