Women Patriots - American Women and Patriotism
About Katherine Lee Bates
She was inspired by the view from Pikes Peak to write her first version of "America the Beautiful." She also headed the English department at Wellesley, worked against American imperialism, supported labor reform and the settlement house movement, and lived in a committed relationship with another woman.
She made the first American flag -- or did she? This biography details the hard life that the real Betsy Ross had in colonial, Revolutionary and post-Revolution America, as well as the rise of the legend of the first American flag.
Emma Goldman: "Patriotism, a Menace to Liberty"
Radical writer and activist Emma Goldman writes of the dark side of patriotism, in this essay published in a 1917 collection.
Julia Ward Howe: Beyond the Battle Hymn of the Republic
She wrote the Battle Hymn of the Republic but she also worked for peace, Mother's Day, and woman suffrage.
Moina Michael: The Flanders Field Poppy
A brief biography of the woman who initiated the custom of wearing poppies on Memorial Day.
Lady Liberty: Changing Face of Freedom
Essays and other articles on the image of liberty as personified in Lady Liberty in the American Statue of Liberty, atop the Capitol Dome, and in depictions in American culture.
Statue of Liberty
From the National Park Service, the official site of Lady Liberty, the Statue of Liberty.