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Rosa Parks

Women of the Civil Rights Movement

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Rosa Parks on Bus in Montgomery, Alabama - 1956

Rosa Parks on Bus in Montgomery, Alabama - 1956

Courtesy Library of Congress

Rosa Park Facts:

Known for: civil rights activist, social reformer, racial justice advocate
Dates: February 4, 1913 - October 24, 2005

Rosa Parks Biography:

Rosa Parks, who worked as a field hand, took care of her younger brother, and cleaned classrooms for tuition in her childhood, worked as a seamstress, office clerk, and domestic as an adult. Rosa Parks became involved in civil rights activity as well, serving as secretary of the Montgomery, Alabama, NAACP chapter.

On December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks was riding a bus home from her job, the bus filled up, and she was expected to relinquish her seat for a white man. She refused, was arrested for violating Alabama's segregation laws. The black community mobilized a boycott of the bus system which lasted for 381 days and resulted in the ending of segregation on Montgomery's buses.

The boycott also brought national attention to the civil rights cause and to a young minister, the Rev. Martin Luther King, jr.

Rosa Parks continued her commitment to civil rights until her death, willingly serving as a symbol of the civil rights struggle. Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005, at her Detroit home of natural causes. She was 92.

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