Constance of Castile Facts:
Known for: her claim to the crown of Castile led to an attempt by her husband, England's John of Gaunt, to control that land
Dates: 1354 - March 24, 1394
Occupation: royal consort, heiress; second wife of John of Gaunt, first Duke of Lancaster
Also known as: Constanza of Castile, Infanta Constanza
Constance of Castile Biography:
Constance of Castile's role in history is primarily based on her marriage to John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and third son of King Edward III of England, and her position as her father's heir to Castile.
John of Gaunt and Constance of Castile had two children together. Their daughter, Katherine of Lancaster, lived to marry. Their son, John Plantagenet, lived only a few years.
Constance's younger sister Isabel of Castile married a younger brother of John of Gaunt, Edmund of Langley, first Duke of York and fourth son of Edward III of England.
Constance of Castile and the War of the Spanish Succession:
In 1369, Constance's father, King Pedro of Castile, was murdered and Enrique (Henry) of Castile took power as usurper. Constance's marriage in 1372 to John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III of England, was an attempt to ally England with Castile in the ensuing War of the Spanish Succession, to offset the support Enrique had from the French.
Under Spanish law, the husband of a female heir to the throne was the rightful king, so John of Gaunt pursued the crown of Castile based on Constance's position as her father's heir. John of Gaunt obtained recognition by the English Parliament of Constance's and his claim to Castile.
When Constance died in 1394, John of Gaunt dropped his pursuit of Castile's crown.
Katherine Swynford and Constance of Castile:
Constance of Castile and Isabella I of Castile:
Constance of Castile Family, Background:
- mother: Maria de Padilla, mistress or secret wife of Pedro the Cruel of Castile
- father: Pedro (Peter) the Cruel, King of Castile
Constance of Castile Marriage, Children:
- second wife of John of Gaunt, first Duke of Lancaster, third son of Edward III; married 1372
- their daughter, Katherine of Lancaster, married Henry III of Castile, a Trastamara king
- their son, John Plantagenet, lived 1372-1375