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Women and the American Civil War

More resources on women in the War Between the States, including those who fought, those who worked as nurses or spies, and those who kept the home fires burning. Confederacy and Union women and their roles.
  1. African American Women i...
  2. Clara Barton
  3. Harriet Beecher Stowe
  4. Harriet Tubman
  5. Civil War Nurses (12)
  6. Jewish Women & Civil War (7)
  7. Women Spies - Civil War (16)
  8. Mary Custis Lee (4)
  9. Society for Women and the Civil War (2)

All Quiet Along the Potomac Tonight
A favorite song, often misattributed to a fallen Confederate volunteer, was written by New York/New Jersey poet Ethel Lynn Beers.

Books on Women and the Civil War
Reenactors and researchers alike, you'll find here an interesting mix of books written in the era and others using modern scholarship and current research, biographies and social context, surveys or overviews and depth on particular topics. From your Guide to Women's History.

Female Spies of the Confederacy
Belle Boyd, Antonia Forc, Rose O'Neal Greenhow, Nancy Hart, Laura Ratcliffe, Loreta Janeta Velazquez and more: here are some women who spied during the American Civil War, passing information to the Confederacy. Some were captured and imprisoned, some escaped detection.

Female Spies for the Union
Pauline Cushman, Sarah Emma Edmonds, Harriet Tubman, Elizabeth Van Lew, Mary Edwards Walker, Mary Elizabeth Bowser and more: here are some of the many women who spied during the American Civil War, helping the cause of the Union and the North with their information.

Civil War Women's Fashion: CDVs
Pictures of Civil War era women's history.

Images of Civil War Era Women
From your Women's History Guide: a growing collection of Civil War era photographs (and a few of Civil War reenactment, too) for use in many ways: illustrating how women lived, the roles they played during the war and the fashions of the time -- dresses, hair, jewelry. A rich resource of primary source material!

About Mary Custis Lee
Profile of the wife of Robert E. Lee, great-granddaughter of Martha Washington. The battle after the Civil War to regain her family home at Arlington didn't end until after her death. Also find links to other resources on the Net.

A Nurse's Perspective on the Civil War
Sarah Emma Edmonds, a Civil War nurse, soldier and spy, recounts her experiences at the Battle of Bull Run, events leading up to the battle and her exploits after the battle, returning to Washington, DC.

Sarah Emma Edmonds (Frank Thompson)
Sarah Emma Edmonds biography - information on the woman who served as a Civil War soldier as Frank Thompson, and wrote about her war experiences.

Civil War Nurse and Spy S. Emma E. Edmonds
Image of Sarah Emma Edmonds in the Civil War, from her memoir.

Kate Chase Sprague
Kate Chase Sprague, daughter of Republican politician Salmon P. Chase, was the darling of Civil War Washington society. Her political role promoting her father's presidential ambitions was almost as scandalous as her marriage turned out to be.

Mary Surratt
Mary Surratt was charged as a conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, and on conviction, was executed.

Trial and Execution of Mary Surratt - 1865
A picture gallery of images connected with the trial and execution of Mary Surratt, convicted of being a co-conspirator in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. She asserted her innocence.

A Nurse's Perspective on the Civil War
Sarah Emma Edmonds was a Civil War nurse, soldier (disguised as Frank Thompson), and spy. In this excerpt from her memoir, she recounts her experiences at the Battle of Bull Run (also known as First Manassas), July 21, 1861, the events leading up to the battle and her exploits after the battle, returning to Washington, DC.

Sanitary Commission (USSC)
A profile of the United States Sanitary Commission, founded in 1861, which helped promote health in the Union Army Camps, provide supplies, and raise money for the Union effort.

Harriet Beecher Stowe Facts
A profile of Harriet Beecher Stowe, 19th century author.

Harriet Tubman - Moses of Her People
A four-part in-depth biography of Harriet Tubman, highlighting the four phases of her life: her life in slavery, her years as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, her service in the U.S. Civil War, and her later years working for reform and telling her story.

Women's Civil War Costumes
Women in Civil War era dresses, at a Civil War reenactment of the Battle of Bull Run, also called First Manassas, August 3-5, 2001.

Common Threads Weave Together
Curriculum unit on the lives of Civil War women. Designed for middle school; valuable children's and adult's info and readings.

Sarah E. Thompson Papers, 1859-1898
Union sympathizer; after a Confederate soldier killer her husband, worked actively for the Union, as a spy and a nurse.

Rose O'Neal Greenhow: Online Archive
Confederate spy "Wild Rose," key to Beauregard's winning of the Battle of Bull Run. Collection includes many of her letters.

Women Were There
Women in the American Civil War -- some highlights of their involvement.

Williamson, Alice: Diary
This 17-year-old Gallatin Tennessee girl writes of her resentment of the Union occupation. Entries focus on the war instead of daily life.

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