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Roman Women

Saints to empresses to ordinary women: the status and experience of women in ancient and classical Rome.
  1. Women of the Roman Empire (37)
  2. Women in Early Christianity
  3. Goddess/Myth: Greece & Rome
  4. Roman Women in Ancient History

Bona Dea (the Good Goddess)
Bona Dea was a Roman goddess only for women, whose main temple festival was held on May 1.

Lucretia
Lucretia biography - profile of legendary Roman matron Lucretia whose rape is said to have triggered the Roman revolution.

Theodora, Byzantine Empress
Empress of Byzantium 527-548, she was an actress before she caught the attention of Justinian, heir to Emperor Justin. The law had to be changed to permit him to marry an actress, and she went on to become one of the empire's most powerful women.

Women and Marriage in Ancient Rome
This is an etext version of: Ferrero, Guglielmo. "Women and Marriage in Ancient Rome." The Women of the Caesars. The Century Co.; New York, 1911. This edition was created by Jone Johnson Lewis, 2003.

Women and Roman Marriage Law
This 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica entry describes then-current understanding of laws relating to women, including divorce and marriage law, in classical Rome.

Zenobia
Warrior Queen Zenobia of Palmyra in Syria challenged Rome, though she was eventually defeated.

Clothing Worn by Ancient Women
Find out what women in the ancient world were wearing, in this feature by About.com's Guide to Ancient History, N.S. Gill.

Could Women Divorce in Ancient Rome?
Judith Evans Grubb addresses this question in Women and the Law in the Roman Empire: A Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood. From N. S. Gill, About.com Guide to Ancient/Classical History.

Pompey's Wives
Pompey the Great had five wives. These are their names and the conditions of the marriages and divorces.

Law in Early Roman Society: Regulation of Women and Family
Some selections from law codes in the early Roman Republic, along with some study and discussion questions.

Legal Status in the Roman World
A selection of primary sources from the 8th century BCE to the 4th century CE, showing how laws treated women on issues such as marriage.

Philosophers on the Role of Women
Stoic philosopher Musonius Rufus, with radical ideas like "Women have received from the gods the same ability to reason that men have."

Religion and Women in Greece and Rome
Collection of documents showing the way religion affected women's lives in ancient Greece and Rome.

Women of Rome: Private Lives and Public Personae
Dr. Susan Martin uses a funerary epitaph by a mourning husband to explain the status, legal rights, marriage practices and other aspects of women in Rome.

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