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Timeline 1870-1879

African American History and Women Timeline

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Women and African American History: 1870-1879

1870

• 15th Amendment to the US Constitution gave the right to vote without regard to "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" -- but the Amendment did not apply to African American women (or any other women)

• Susan McKinney Stewart, an early African American woman physician, received an M.D. from the New York Medical College and Hospital for Women

1871

• (October 6) Fisk University Jubilee Singers began their first-ever national tour, singing gospel music to raise money for the University

1872

• (April) Charlotte Ray admitted to the Washington, DC, bar; she graduated that year from Howard University Law School

1873

Sarah Moore Grimke died (abolitionist, women's rights proponent, sister of Angelina Grimke Weld)

1874

1875

• (July 10) Mary McLeod Bethune born

• Civil Rights Act of 1875 outlaws discrimination in public accomodations (invalidated in Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896)

1876

1877

• Rutherford B. Hayes ended Reconstruction by withdrawing US Army troops from the South

1878

1879

• Mary Eliza Mahoney graduated from the nursing school at the New England Hospital for Women and Children, Boston, becoming the first African American professional nurse

• Angelina Emily Grimke Weld died (abolitionist, women's rights proponent, sister of Sarah Moore Grimke)

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[Biographies of Notable African American Women]

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