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Timeline 1800-1829

African American History and Women Timeline

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Women and African American History: 1800-1829

1800

1801

1802

• Ohio Constitution adopted, outlawing slavery and prohibiting free blacks from voting

• James Callendar accused Thomas Jefferson of keeping "as his concubine, one of his own slaves" -- Sally Hemings. The accusation was first published in the Richmond Recorder.

• (February 11) Lydia Maria Child born (abolitionist, writer)

1803

• (September 3) Prudence Crandall born (educator)

1804

• (January 5) Ohio passed "black laws" restricting rights of free blacks

1805

Angelina Emily Grimke Weld born (abolitionist, women's rights proponent, sister of Sarah Moore Grimke)

1806

• (July 25) Maria Weston Chapman born (abolitionist)

• (September 9) Sarah Mapps Douglass born (abolitionist, educator)

1807

1808

• (January 1) importing slaves to the United States became illegal; about 250,000 more Africans were imported as slaves to the United States after slave imports became illegal

1809

• New York began recognizing marriages of African Americans

• African Female Benevolent Society of Newport, Rhode Island, founded

• Fanny Kemble born (wrote about slavery)

1810

1811

• (June 14) Harriet Beecher Stowe born (writer, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin)

1812

1813

1814

1815

• (November 12) Elizabeth Cady Stanton born (antislavery and women's rights activist)

1816

1817

1818

Lucy Stone born (editor, abolitionist, women's rights advocate)

1819

1820

• (about 1820) Harriet Tubman born a slave in Maryland (Underground Railroad conductor, abolitionist, women's rights advocate, soldier, spy, lecturer)

• (February 15) Susan B. Anthony born (reformer, abolitionist, women's rights advocate, lecturer)

1821

1822

1823

• (October 9) Mary Ann Shadd Cary born (journalist, teacher, abolitionist, activist)

1824

1825

• Frances Wright purchased land near Memphis and founded Nashoba plantation, buying slaves who would work to buy their freedom, become educated, and then when free move outside the United States

• (September 24) Frances Ellen Watkins Harper born in Maryland to free black parents (writer, abolitionist)

1826

• Sarah Parker Remond born (anti-slavery lecturer whose British lectures probably helped keep the British from entering the American Civil War on the side of the Confederacy)

1827

1828

1829

• (1829-1830) when Frances Wright's Nashoba plantation project failed, amid scandal, Wright took the remaining slaves to freedom in Haiti

• race riots in Cincinnati resulted in more than half the African Americans in the city being forced out of town

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