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African American Women: 1864-1899

After the Civil War: Black women after slavery as they become involved in social reform movements, from racial justice to woman suffrage. Ex-slaves, freedmen, professionals, and more resources for further study. Biographies, articles, more.
  1. Mary McLeod Bethune
  2. Frances Harper
  3. Edmonia Lewis
  4. Mary Church Terrell
  5. Sojourner Truth
  6. Harriet Tubman
  7. Madam C. J. Walker
  8. Ida B. Wells-Barnett
  9. 19th Century Women

African American History and Women - Timelines 1865-1899

 The details of black women's history in America, year by year.

Hallie Quinn Brown
Hallie Quinn Brown biography - the life and importance of Hallie Quinn Brown, black civil rights leader, educator, and speaker.

Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Mary Ann Shadd Cary biography - a profile of Mary Ann Shadd Cary, African American teacher, journalist, and law school graduate who lived for some years in Canada.

Charlotte Ray
A profile of Charlotte Ray, first African American woman lawyer in the US and first woman admitted to the bar in the District of Columbia

Harriet Tubman, Moses of Her People
A four-part in-depth biography of Harriet Tubman, highlighting the four phases of her life: her life in slavery, her years as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, her service in the U.S. Civil War, and her later years working for reform and telling her story.

Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and women's rights advocate Sojourner Truth was a familiar figure in the 19th century in America. Biography and links from your About Guide to Women's History.

Freedmen's School for Women - Sewing Class 1866
A Reconstruction-era vocational school for freed women to learn sewing.

African-American Experience in Ohio 1850 - 1920
A digital collection of materials on black history in Ohio.

Kate Brown and Segregated Transportation
This 1868 report, entered into the Senate record, documents the case of Kate Brown, an employee of the Senate, who was ejected from a railroad car in Alexandria, Virginia, when travelling to the District of Columbia.

Personal and Political in Kate Brown's Washington
This speech, by Kate Masur of Northwestern University, talks about the case of Kate Brown, 19th century protestor against segregated transportation. (Video)

The Woman's Era (1894 - 1897)
Josephine St. P. Ruffin and Florida R. Ridley edited The Woman's Era from 1894 through 1897, a journal of the African American woman's club movement. You'll find her an electronic edition of those three volumes of the publication.

Charlotte Forten Grimké
After the Civil War, Charlotte Forten continued teaching and writing, and married Francis Grimke, nephew of the famous Grimke sisters.

Margaret Murray Washington
Margaret Murray Washington was rather new as first a woman teacher at Tuskegee Institute, then the lady principal, in charge of women pupils and educators, when she married Booker T. Washington. She worked with him to build the strength of the institution, and she also worked for solidarity among African American women in their own organizations.

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