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Marriage Protest of Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell - 1855

When Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell were married, they protested against laws of the time in which women lost their legal existence upon marriage (coverture), and stated that they would not voluntarily comply with such laws.

Related Resources
Higginson on Women's Rights - 1853
"A Soul as Free as the Air" - profile of Lucy Stone
Lucy Stone biography, article, and links
"Progress of 50 Years" by Lucy Stone, 1893
Marriage Protest - 1832, Robert Dale Owen
coverture
marriage - links on this site and on the Net
Higginson and Emily Dickinson
Lydia Maria Child -Higginson biography

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The following was signed by Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell prior to their May 1, 1855 marriage. The Rev. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, who performed the marriage, not only read the statement at the ceremony, but also distributed it to other ministers as a model that he urged other couples to follow.

While acknowledging our mutual affection by publicly assuming the relationship of husband and wife, yet in justice to ourselves and a great principle, we deem it a duty to declare that this act on our part implies no sanction of, nor promise of voluntary obedience to such of the present laws of marriage, as refuse to recognize the wife as an independent, rational being, while they confer upon the husband an injurious and unnatural superiority, investing him with legal powers which no honorable man would exercise, and which no man should possess. We protest especially against the laws which give to the husband:

1. The custody of the wife's person.

2. The exclusive control and guardianship of their children.

3. The sole ownership of her personal, and use of her real estate, unless previously settled upon her, or placed in the hands of trustees, as in the case of minors, lunatics, and idiots.

4. The absolute right to the product of her industry.

5. Also against laws which give to the widower so much larger and more permanent interest in the property of his deceased wife, than they give to the widow in that of the deceased husband.

6. Finally, against the whole system by which "the legal existence of the wife is suspended during marriage," so that in most States, she neither has a legal part in the choice of her residence, nor can she make a will, nor sue or be sued in her own name, nor inherit property.

We believe that personal independence and equal human rights can never be forfeited, except for crime; that marriage should be an equal and permanent partnership, and so recognized by law; that until it is so recognized, married partners should provide against the radical injustice of present laws, by every means in their power...

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Also on this site:

About Lucy Stone
More resources on this site for Lucy Stone: biography, links, quotations.

The Progress of Fifty Years
A talk by Lucy Stone in 1893 at the Columbian Exposition.

Marriage Protest - 1832
The protest of Robert Dale Owen against women's legal status after marriage.

Marriage
More on marriage, divorce, widowhood and other related topics, through the centuries and around the world.

Biography of Lydia Maria Child
by Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Higginson's biography of an early feminist and anti-slavery advocate.

Emily Dickinson: Continuing Enigma
Includes the story of Dickinson's correspondence with Thomas Wentworth Higginson, and the editing of her poems after her death by Higginson and Mabel Todd.

Women's Property Rights and Coverture
Information on the legal status of women and changes over time in related laws.

Part of a collection of etexts on women's history produced by Jone Johnson Lewis. Editing and formatting © 1999-2009 Jone Johnson Lewis.

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