Abigail Adams Facts:
Abigail Adams Biography:
Educated at home, Abigail Adams learned quickly and read widely. Her marriage to John Adams was warm and loving -- and also intellectually lively, to judge from their letters.
They had four children before John became involved in the Continental Congress. During his long absences, Abigail managed the family and the farm and corresponded not only with her husband but with many family members and friends. During the war, she also served as the primary educator of the children, including the future sixth U.S. president, John Quincy Adams.
When John served in Europe as a diplomatic representative of the new nation, Abigail Adams joined him.
John Adams served as Vice President of the United States from 1789-1797 and then as President 1797-1801. Abigail spent some of her time at home, managing the family financial affairs, and part of her time in the federal capital, in Philadelphia most of those years and, very briefly, in the new White House in Washington, D.C. (November 1800 - March 1801).
After John retired from public life at the end of his presidency, the couple lived quietly in Massachusetts.
It is mostly through her letters that we know much about the life and personality of this intelligent and perceptive woman of colonial America and the Revolutionary and post-Revolutionary period.
Abigail Adams died in 1818, seven years before her son, John Quincy Adams, became the sixth president of the U.S.
Places: Massachusetts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Washington, D.C., United States
Organizations/Religion: Congregational, Unitarian
Elsewhere on the Web:
Abigail Adams Biographies:
- Gale Group Biography
- White House Biography
- Biography, Mass. Historical Society
- Nat'l Women's Hall of Fame
- Unitarian Universalist Biography
- Clinton White House Bio
More on Abigail Adams:
Writings of Abigail Smith Adams:
Museums, Historical Sites:
- Akers, Charles W. Abigail Adams: An American Woman. Library of American Biography Series. 1999. (compare prices)
- Bober, Natalie S. Abigail Adams: Witness to a Revolution. 1998. Young adult book. (compare prices)
- Cappon, Lester J. (editor). The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence Between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams. 1988. (compare prices)
- Gelles, Edith B. Portia: The World of Abigail Adams. 1995 edition. (compare prices)
- Levin, Phyllis Lee. Abigail Adams: A Biography. 2001.
- Nagel, Paul C. The Adams Women: Abigail and Louisa Adams, Their Sisters and Daughters. 1999 reprint. (compare prices)
- Nagel, Paul C. Descent from Glory: Four Generations of the John Adams Family. 1999 reprint. (compare prices)
- Withey, Lynne. Dearest Friend: A Life of Abigail Adams. 2001.