Lorraine Hansberry completed Raisin in the Sun in 1957, taking her title from Langston Hughes' poem, "Harlem." Sidney Poitier expressed interest in taking the part of the son, and soon a director and other actors (including Louis Gossett, Ruby Dee, and Ossie Davis) were committed to the performance. Raisin in the Sun opened on Broadway at the Barrymore Theatre on March 11, 1959. Raisin in the Sun was the first play written by an African American woman to be produced on Broadway.
Read more about Lorraine Hansberry, her background, and her short life: