She was one of the most controversial figures in the woman suffrage movement of the 19th century. Victoria Woodhull's role was welcomed by some in the movement, and opposed by others. She defended women's right to vote as already supported by the Constitution,
and ran for president in 1872 in part to prove that women could do so. But her candidacy was quite the failure -- she even ended up in jail, for her role in exposing several cases of sexual hypocrisy in her newspaper. In the accompanying cartoon, she's represented by famous cartoonist Thomas Nast as Mrs. Satan for her support of the idea of free love. Read more about this fascinating figure of the 19th century:
Harriet Tubman escaped slavery to freedom and led more than 300 other slaves to their freedom, too. Harriet Tubman was acquainted with many of the social reformers and abolitionists of her time, and she spoke against slavery and for women's rights. Tubman died March 10, 1913.
In 1990 President George H. W. Bush first declared March 10 to be Harriet Tubman Day; in 2003 New York State established the holiday.
Women first won the vote in the United States in 1920; the first woman member of the House of Representatives began a term in 1917, the first woman Senator served (briefly) in 1922, and the first woman governor took office in 1925. But that didn't open the floodgates to equal representation; in none of those offices do women represent even close to 50% of the officeholders today. Learn about the women who've been elected or appointed to these three important offices:
From its roots in labor history to support internationally through the United Nations, International Women's Day has been a time to reflect on women's rights: progress, changes needed and heroines who've helped inspire and work for women's rights. Read more: International Women's Day
What has been the greatest advance in women's rights, especially in the 20th century? Click your choice to vote:
1) right to control her own money
2) reliable birth control
3) getting rid of the corset
4) educational opportunity
5) wider employment opportunities
6) right to vote
7) none of the above - women were better off before the 20th century
8) none of the above (other)
Property rights include the legal rights to acquire, own, sell and transfer property, collect and keep rents, keep one's wages, make contracts and bring lawsuits. In history, a woman's property has often, but not always, been under the control of her father or, if she was married, her husband. Read more about the history of how women achieved basic property rights.
Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to graduate from medical school, and with her sister, Emily Blackwell, and Dr. Marie E. Zakrzewska operated a teaching hospital in New York. Born in England, Elizabeth Blackwell returned to her homeland and finished her career there. She's definitely someone to know if you want to be literate in women's history.
England and Great Britain have had a few reigning queens when the crown had no male heirs (Great Britain still has primogeniture -- inheritance by the oldest son takes precedence over any daughters). These women rulers include some of the best-known, longest-reigning and culturally most successful rulers in British history. Read more about these women: Women Rulers of England and Great Britain - British Queens
The term "subjectivity" appears in some writings about women's history. What does "subjectivity" in women's history mean? Here's an explanation, along with a couple of comments by women historians on the controversy over its value.
In medieval times, a few women made their way to the forefront of accomplishment or power primarily through their own efforts, and others through more traditional routes of marriage, motherhood or as a father's heir. Here are some of the key women of medieval Europe who are basic to historical literacy: